Analisi funzionale dei recettori per le neurotrofine p75NTR e Trka in neuroblastoma

Papa, Antonella (2008) Analisi funzionale dei recettori per le neurotrofine p75NTR e Trka in neuroblastoma, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Biologia e fisiologia cellulare, 20 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/679.
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The biological complexity of NGF action is achieved by binding two distinct Neurotrophin receptors, TrkA and p75NTR. While several reports have provided lines of evidence on the interaction between TrkA and p75NTR at the plasma membrane, much fewer data are available on the consequence of such an interaction in terms of intracellular signaling. In this study, we have focused on how p75NTR may affect TrkA downstream signaling with respect to neuronal differentiation. Here, we have shown that cooperation between p75NTR and TrkA results in an increased NGF-mediated TrkA autophosphorylation, leads to a sustained activation of ERK1/2 and accelerates neurite outgrowth. Interestingly, neurite outgrowth is concomitant with a selective enhancement of the AP-1 activity and the transcriptional activation of genes such as GAP-43 and p21(CIP/WAF), known to be involved in the differentiation process. Collectively, our results unveil a functional link between the specific expression profile of neurotrophin receptors in neuronal cells and the NGF-mediated regulation of the differentiation process possibly through a persistent ERKs activation and the selective control of the AP-1 activity. In our studies we discuss the functional role of the neurotrophin receptor p75NTR and TrkA in a ligand-dependent signal transduction. It is known that p75NTR is also involved in the mediation of cell death ligand dependent. Here we show for the first time that the membrane receptor p75NTR, upon binding to b- Amyloid (Ab) peptide, is able to transduce a cytotoxic signal through a mechanism very similar to the one adopted by Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor 1 (TNFR1), when activated by TNFa. We define that in neuroblastoma cell line Ab cytotoxicity signals through a pathway depending on p75NTR death domain (DD), mostly through some specific conserved residues. We identified that TRADD is the first interactor recruiting to the membrane and activates JNK and NF-kB transcription factors. Since Ab is defined as the most important aetiologic element associated with the Alzheimer’s Disease (AD), characterization of the mechanism involved in the mediation of the neurodegeneration can suggest also new therapeutic approaches.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Papa, Antonella
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
p75ntr trka peptide amyloide neuroblastoma
Data di discussione
3 Aprile 2008

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