Role of Notch signalling in human hepatocellular carcinoma

Minguzzi, Manuela (2012) Role of Notch signalling in human hepatocellular carcinoma, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Biologia cellulare, molecolare e industriale/cellular, molecular and industrial biology: progetto n. 1 Biologia e fisiologia cellulare, 24 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/4857.
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The Notch signalling is a cellular pathway that results conserved from Drosophila to Homo sapiens controlling a wide range of cellular processes in development and in differentiated organs. It induces cell proliferation or differentiation, increased survival or apoptosis, and it is involved in stemness maintainance. These functions are conserved, but exerted with a high tissue and cellular context specificity. Signalling activation determs nuclear translocation of the receptor’s cytoplasmic domain and activation of target genes transcription. As many developmental pathway, Notch deregulation is involved in cancer, leading to oncogenic or tumour suppressive role depending on the functions exerted in normal tissue. Notch1 and Notch3 resulted aberrantly expressed in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) that is the more frequent tumour of the liver and the sixth most common tumour worldwide. This thesis has the aim to investigate the role of the signalling in HCC, with particular attention to dissect common and uncommon regulatory pathways between Notch1 and Notch3 and to define the role of the signalling in HCC. Nocth1 and Notch3 were analysed on their regulation on Hes1 target and involvement in cell cycle control. They showed to regulate CDKN1C/p57kip2 expression through Hes1 target. CDKN1C/p57kip2 induces not only cell cycle arrest, but also senescence in HCC cell lines. Moreover, the involvement of Notch1 in cancer progression and epithelial to mesenchymal transition was investigated. Notch1 showed to induce invasion of HCC, regulating EMT and E- Cadherin expression. Moreover, Notch3 showed specific regulation on p53 at post translational levels. In vitro and ex vivo analysis on HCC samples suggests a complex role of both receptors in regulate HCC, with an oncogenic role but also showing tumour suppressive effects, suggesting a complex and deep involvement of this signalling in HCC.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Minguzzi, Manuela
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze biologiche, biomediche e biotecnologiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Notch1, Notch3, senescence, invasion, p53, human hepatocellular carcinoma
Data di discussione
26 Aprile 2012

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