The role of CD8+CCR4+ T-cells in axial spondyloarthritis

Silvestri, Ylenia (2019) The role of CD8+CCR4+ T-cells in axial spondyloarthritis, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze biomediche e neuromotorie, 32 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/9108.
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Axial spondyloarthritis (AxSpA) is an inflammatory disease affecting the axial skeleton. The infiltrate of T-cells in the structural lesions has been found to contribute to bone remodeling, but consensus relating the functional contribution of different T-cell subsets to pathogenesis has not been reached yet. Aim of the project was to characterize circulating T-cells and their homing markers from axSpA patients in order to identify cellular populations that could migrate to inflamed tissues and be implicated in axSpA. We found an altered proportion of circulating naïve and memory T-cells in axSpA patients, and a skew in favor of CD8+ T-cells expressing the chemokine receptor CCR4. Since CCL17 and CCL22, the two ligands for CCR4, are found to be elevated in the sera of axSpA patients, we investigated in details the role of CD8+CCR4+ T cells in axSpA. Our data showed that circulating CD8+CCR4+ T-cells display an effector memory phenotype and express homing markers for tissues that are target of the disease. Noteworthy, CD8+CCR4+ T cells from axSpA patients were activated, expressed markers of proliferation and acquired a cytotoxic phenotype, as demonstrated by the increased production of granzyme and perforin. CD8+CCR4+ T cells from axSpA patients upregulate the transcription of genes involved in bone mineralization and downregulate genes involved in osteoclast differentiation, indicating their possible involvement in bone remodeling. Furthermore, CD8+CCR4+ T cells stimulated with PMA and ionomycin were able to produce and release TNF and IL-8, two cytokines involved in osteoclastogenesis, indicating that CD8+CCR4+ T-cells after stimulation would be able to promote osteoclasts differentiation and neutrophils recruitment. Taken together our data suggest that CD8+CCR4+ T cells might exert a pathogenic role in axSpA, by releasing mediators of tissue damage, bone remodeling and recruitment of other pro inflammatory cells.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Silvestri, Ylenia
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Axial spondyloarthritis, rheumatic disease, inflammation, T-cells, CD8, bone remodeling, CCR4, T-cells infiltration
Data di discussione
29 Novembre 2019

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