Supersymmetric 4d gauge theories and Integrability

Bonini, Alfredo (2018) Supersymmetric 4d gauge theories and Integrability, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Fisica, 29 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/8707.
Documenti full-text disponibili:
Documento PDF (English) - Richiede un lettore di PDF come Xpdf o Adobe Acrobat Reader
Disponibile con Licenza: Salvo eventuali più ampie autorizzazioni dell'autore, la tesi può essere liberamente consultata e può essere effettuato il salvataggio e la stampa di una copia per fini strettamente personali di studio, di ricerca e di insegnamento, con espresso divieto di qualunque utilizzo direttamente o indirettamente commerciale. Ogni altro diritto sul materiale è riservato.
Download (900kB) | Anteprima


Taking advantage of the integrable structures emergent in the theory, non-local observables such as null polygonal Wilson loops are studied in 4d planar N = 4 Super Yang-Mills. Their duality with the 4d gluon scattering amplitudes makes the analysis even more interesting. The so-called Pentagon approach, an application of the Operator Product Expansion (OPE) method to the null polygonal Wilsol loops, makes possible a non-perturbative evaluation of these objects. They are recast as an OPE series over the 2d GKP flux-tube excitations, a description reminescent of the QCD flux-tube stretching between quarks. The integrability of the flux-tube allows us to evaluate the series, in principle, for any value of the coupling constant. From this analysis, several results have been obtained. In the strong coupling regime we reproduced the TBA-like equations expected from the minimal area problem in string theory, finding agreement with the AdS/CFT prediction. In this respect, of fundamental importance is the emergence of effective bound states between elementary fermionic excitations. Along the way, we encountered some intriguing analogies between these null polygonal Wilson loops and the Nekrasov instanton partition function Z for N = 2 theories. Furthermore, a new non-perturbative enhancement of the classical string argument has been confirmed, stemming from the dynamics of the string in the five sphere S5 and described by the non-linear σ-model O(6). Some properties of a fundamental building block of the OPE series, the SU(4) structure of the form factors of a specific twist operator P, have been analysed. This SU(4) matrix part is given a representation in terms of rational functions, organized in a Young tableaux pattern.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Bonini, Alfredo
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
wilson integrability supersymmetry bethe adscft ope strong
Data di discussione
20 Aprile 2018

Altri metadati

Statistica sui download

Gestione del documento: Visualizza la tesi