Regulation of wake-sleep states and state-dependent cardiovascular function in diet-induced obesity rats

Al Tzachmani, Ampent Al Salam (2013) Regulation of wake-sleep states and state-dependent cardiovascular function in diet-induced obesity rats , [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze biomediche: progetto n. 4 "Neurofisiologia", 25 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/5941.
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Obesity often predisposes to coronary heart disease, heart failure, and sudden death. Also, several studies suggest a reciprocal enhancing interaction between obesity and sleep curtailment. Aim of the present study was to go deeper in the understanding of sleep and cardiovascular regulation in an animal model of diet-induced obesity (DIO). According to this, Wake-Sleep (W-S) regulation, and W-S dependent regulation of cardiovascular and metabolic/thermoregulatory function was studied in DIO rats, under normal laboratory conditions and during sleep deprivation and the following recovery period, enhancing either wake or sleep, respectively. After 8 weeks of the delivery of a hypercaloric (HC) diet, treated animals were heavier than those fed a normocaloric (NC) diet (NC: 441 ±17g; HC: 557±17g). HC rats slept more than NC ones during the activity period (Dark) of the normal 12h:12h light-dark (LD) cycle (Wake: 67.3±1.2% and 57.2 ±1.6%; NREM sleep (NREMS): 26.8±1.0% and 34.0±1.4%; REM sleep (REMS): 5.7±0. 6% and 8.6±0.7%; for NC and HC, respectively; p<0.05 for all). HC rats were hypertensive throughout the W-S states, as shown by the mean arterial blood pressure values across the 24-h period (Wake: 90.0±5.3 and 97.3±1.3; NREMS: 85.1±5.5 and 92.2±1.2; REMS: 87.2±4.5 and 96.5±1.1, mmHg for NC and HC, respectively; p<0.05 for all). Also, HC rats appeared to be slightly bradycardic compared to NC ones (Wake: 359.8±9.3 and 352.4±7.7; NREMS: 332.5±10.1 and 328.9±5.4; REMS: 338.5±9.3 and 334.4±5.8; bpm for NC and HC, respectively; p<0.05 for Wake). In HC animals, sleep regulation was not apparently altered during the sleep rebound observed in the recovery period following sleep deprivation, although REMS rebound appeared to be quicker in NC animals. In conclusion, these results indicate that in the rat obesity interfere with W-S and cardiovascular regulation and that DIO rats are suitable for further studies aimed at a better understanding of obesity comorbidities.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Al Tzachmani, Ampent Al Salam
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze mediche e chirurgiche cliniche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Obesity,Sleep,Cardiovascular functions,Wake-Sleep Cycle
Data di discussione
7 Maggio 2013

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