The role of MYCN-mediated transcriptional repression in neuronal physiopathology

Valli, Emanuele (2012) The role of MYCN-mediated transcriptional repression in neuronal physiopathology, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Biologia cellulare, molecolare e industriale/cellular, molecular and industrial biology: progetto n. 1 Biologia e fisiologia cellulare, 24 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/4809.
Documenti full-text disponibili:
Documento PDF (English) - Richiede un lettore di PDF come Xpdf o Adobe Acrobat Reader
Download (22MB) | Anteprima


MYC is a transcription factor that can activate transcription of several targets by direct binding to their promoters at specific DNA sequences (E-box). Recent findings have also shown that it can exert its biological role by repressing transcription of other set of genes. C-MYC can mediate repression on its target genes through interaction with factors bound to promoter regions but not through direct recognition of typical E-Boxes. In this thesis, we investigated whether MYCN can also repress gene transcription and how this is mechanistically achieved. Moreover, expression of TRKA, P75NTR and ABCC3 is attenuated in aggressive MYCN-amplified tumors, suggesting a causal link between elevated MYCN activity and transcriptional repression of these three genes. We found that MYCN is physically associated with gene promoters in vivo in proximity of the transcriptional start sites and this association requires interactions with SP1 and/or MIZ-1. Furthermore, we show that this interaction could interfere with SP1 and MIZ-1 activation functions by recruiting co-repressors such as DNMT3a or HDACs. Studies in vitro suggest that MYCN interacts through distinct domains with SP1, MIZ-1 and HDAC1 supporting the idea that MYCN may form different complexes by interacting with different proteins. Re-expression of endogenous TRKA and P75NTR with exposure to the TSA sensitizes neuroblastoma to NGF-mediated apoptosis, whereas ectopic expression of ABCC3 decreases cell motility without interfering with growth. Finally, using shRNA whole genome library, we dissected the P75NTR repression trying to identify novel factors inside and/or outside MYCN complex for future therapeutic approaches. Overall, our results support a model in which MYCN can repress gene transcription by direct interaction with SP1 and/or MIZ-1, and provide further lines of evidence on the importance of transcriptional repression induced by Myc in tumor biology.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Valli, Emanuele
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze biologiche, biomediche e biotecnologiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
MYCN, neurotrophin receptor genes, P75NTR, HDAC1,TRKA,apoptosis
Data di discussione
26 Aprile 2012

Altri metadati

Statistica sui download

Gestione del documento: Visualizza la tesi