Pathogenetic mechanisms of gastrointestinal symptoms in a mouse model of Fabry disease: insights on the microbiota-gut-brain axis

Delprete, Cecilia (2023) Pathogenetic mechanisms of gastrointestinal symptoms in a mouse model of Fabry disease: insights on the microbiota-gut-brain axis, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze biotecnologiche, biocomputazionali, farmaceutiche e farmacologiche, 35 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/10966.
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Fabry disease (FD), X-linked metabolic disorder caused by a deficiency in α-galactosidase A activity, leads to the accumulation of glycosphingolipids, mainly Gb3 and lyso-Gb3, in several organs. Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms are among the earliest and most common, strongly impacting patients’ quality of life. However, the origin of these symptoms and the exact mechanisms of pathogenesis are still poorly understood, thus the pressing need to improve their knowledge. Here we aimed to evaluate whether a FD murine model (α-galactosidase A Knock-Out) captures the functional GI issues experienced by patients. In particular, the potential mechanisms involved in the development and maintenance of GI symptoms were explored by looking at the microbiota-gut-brain axis involvement. Moreover, we sought to examine the effects of lyso-Gb3 on colonic contractility and the intestinal epithelium and the enteric nervous system, which together play important roles in regulating intestinal ion transport and fluid and electrolyte homeostasis. Fabry mice revealed visceral hypersensitivity and a diarrhea-like phenotype accompanied by anxious-like behavior and reduced locomotor activity. They reported also an imbalance of SCFAs and an early compositional and functional dysbiosis of the gut microbiota, which partly persisted with advancing age. Moreover, overexpression of TRPV1 was found in affected mice, and partial alteration of TRPV4 and TRPA1 as well, identifying them as possible therapeutic targets. The Ussing chamber results after treatment with lyso-Gb3 showed an increase in Isc (likely mediated by HCO3- ions movement) which affects neuron-mediated secretion, especially capsaicin- and partly veratridine-mediated. This first characterization of gut-brain axis dysfunction in FD mouse provides functional validation of the model, suggesting new targets and possible therapeutic approaches. Furthermore, lyso-Gb3 is confirmed to be not only a marker for the diagnosis and follow-up of FD but also a possible player in the alteration of the FD colonic ion transport process.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Delprete, Cecilia
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Fabry disease, microbiota, gut-brain axis, gastrointestinal dysfunction, ion channels, Ussing chamber
Data di discussione
16 Giugno 2023

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