Sviluppo di nuovi cross-linker per la stabilizzazione del legame adesivo

Mancuso, Edoardo (2023) Sviluppo di nuovi cross-linker per la stabilizzazione del legame adesivo, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze biomediche e neuromotorie, 35 Ciclo.
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Aims: This thesis aimed to investigate the influence of different collagen cross-linkers, as separate primers or contained within desensitizing agents, on the longevity of dental restorations and on the dentinal enzymatic activity immediately, or after aging in vitro. Methods: A series of studies was conducted using several different cross-linking molecules and several adhesive systems. Four studies investigated the longevity of the hybrid layer by means of microtensile bond strength test, and the enzymatic activity using gelatin and in situ zymography, immediately or after 1 year of aging in the artificial saliva. The first study tested samples bonded with or without a cross-linking agent, that were previously aged for 5 years. The degradation of the hybrid layer was observed using transmission electron microscopy, the enzymatic activity in the hybrid layer using in situ zymography. Raman spectroscopy was used to investigate whether the active substance was still within the hybrid layer after 5 years. Results: The results of the studies showed that collagen cross-linkers were efficient in preserving bond strength after aging in vitro when used as separate primers on demineralized or partially demineralized dentin. In the cases when the cross-linker was utilized on mineralized dentin, bond strength results were higher than in the control groups immediately and after aging, however, no difference in enzymatic activity was detected after aging. Conclusions: The tested cross-linker molecules used as separate primers in etch-and-rinse and self-etch adhesives seem to be clinically applicable, since the procedure is not overly time-consuming and seems to preserve the hybrid layer over time. As for the cross-linkers contained in the desensitizing agent, when utilized before the adhesive procedures, it has shown to increase the bond strength of self-etch adhesives, but further studies are needed to better understand its effect on the enzymatic activity and crosslinking effects on mineralized dentin.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Mancuso, Edoardo
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Dentin; collagen crosslinker; hybrid layer; enzymatic activity;
Data di discussione
13 Luglio 2023

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