Instrumental and sensory analyses for the characterization of food, phytotherapeutic or pharmaceutical hemp products

Tura, Matilde (2022) Instrumental and sensory analyses for the characterization of food, phytotherapeutic or pharmaceutical hemp products, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze e tecnologie agrarie, ambientali e alimentari, 34 Ciclo.
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To address the request to develop rapid and easy methods for determining the cannabinoids, an HPLC-UV method (8 min) to separate and quantify the 10 main cannabinoids in hemp inflorescences was developed, and in-house validated. Moreover, the antioxidant activity of cannabidiol (CBD) in two oily matrices was investigated and compared to that of α-tocopherol, in relation to the growing market of oily solutions containing cannabidiol. Then, since no univocal legislation on the evaluation of quality and authenticity of hemp seed oil (HSO) exists, the composition and quality of cold-pressed HSOs were also explored, highlighting a great variability in terms of oxidative state minor compounds content. From the sensory point of view, a panel was trained, a specific sensory wheel and a profile sheet were developed. Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the sensory evaluation was also performed at home. The panel showed a good performance both in the laboratory and remotely. Moreover, a focus group was used to investigate consumers’ attitudes, pointing out that a high-quality HSO has to be cold-pressed and green for them. Then, the evaluation of stability during the storage of HSOs was investigated. The results showed that photo-oxidation did not seem to significantly affect the quality of the oil during the first 3 months of storage. Finally, a study about the evolution of the volatile profile of 9 HSOs, under accelerated oxidation conditions, allowed identifying volatile markers of HSOs oxidation and freshness. This Ph.D. was developed in the context of the scholarship “Harmonized procedures of analysis of medical, herbal, food and industrial cannabis: development and validation of cannabinoids’ quality control methods, of extraction and preparation of derivatives from the plant raw material, according to the product destination” funded by Enecta S.r.l.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Tura, Matilde
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
hemp, hemp seed oil, descriptive sensory analysis, volatile profile, method validation, cannabinoids
Data di discussione
1 Aprile 2022

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