Study of new Catalysts for the Selective Oxidation of n-Butane to Maleic Anhydride: The Role of Catalysts Thermal Treatment

Setti, Laura (2021) Study of new Catalysts for the Selective Oxidation of n-Butane to Maleic Anhydride: The Role of Catalysts Thermal Treatment, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Chimica, 33 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/9651.
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Maleic anhydride (MA) is a very versatile molecule, indeed, with three functional groups (two carbonyl groups and one double bond C=C) it is an excellent joining and cross-linking material. It is obtained via selective oxidation of n-butane, using vanadyl pyrophosphate as a catalyst. The catalytic system has been largely studied over the years and it is normally used in the industrial production of MA, but the main open problem is to completely control its preparation. This thesis reports the effect of different preparation parameters employed during the calcination procedure for the transformation of precursor into the active catalyst. The thermal treatment is already known to be favoured in the presence of water, hence the first study was on the role of different amount of water co-fed with air, leading to obtain catalysts with an higher crystallinity. This is not the only parameter to control: the molar ratio of oxygen has also an important role, to obtain an active and selective catalyst. Some tests decreasing the “oxidizing power” of the mixture were carried out and it was observed a progressive development of VPP phase instead of oxidized V/P/O systems. Established the role of water and oxygen, the optimal conditions have been found when a mixture composed of air, water and nitrogen was used for the calcination, in the molar ratio of 30:10:60% respectively. Also at the lower temperature tested, i.e. 400°C, the catalyst presents the higher conversion of n-butane and MA yield compared to all other samples. The important conclusion we have reached is that not higher amount of water is necessary to obtain the most performing catalyst, thus leading to economic savings. Performing the same experiments on two different precursors, give catalysts with different activity but the mixture previously descripted is always the one that leads to the best performance.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Setti, Laura
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
gas-phase reaction, vanadyl pyrophosphate, n-butane, maleic anhydride
Data di discussione
18 Marzo 2021

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