Advanced Mission Synthesis Algorithms for Vibration-based Accelerated Life-testing

Pesaresi, Emanuele (2021) Advanced Mission Synthesis Algorithms for Vibration-based Accelerated Life-testing, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Meccanica e scienze avanzate dell'ingegneria, 33 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/9647.
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In the field of vibration qualification testing, with the popular Random Control mode of shakers, the specimen is excited by random vibrations typically set in the form of a Power Spectral Density (PSD). The corresponding signals are stationary and Gaussian, i.e. featuring a normal distribution. Conversely, real-life excitations are frequently non-Gaussian, exhibiting high peaks and/or burst signals and/or deterministic harmonic components. The so-called kurtosis is a parameter often used to statistically describe the occurrence and significance of high peak values in a random process. Since the similarity between test input profiles and real-life excitations is fundamental for qualification test reliability, some methods of kurtosis-control can be implemented to synthesize realistic (non-Gaussian) input signals. Durability tests are performed to check the resistance of a component to vibration-based fatigue damage. A procedure to synthesize test excitations which starts from measured data and preserves both the damage potential and the characteristics of the reference signals is desirable. The Fatigue Damage Spectrum (FDS) is generally used to quantify the fatigue damage potential associated with the excitation. The signal synthesized for accelerated durability tests (i.e. with a limited duration) must feature the same FDS as the reference vibration computed for the component’s expected lifetime. Current standard procedures are efficient in synthesizing signals in the form of a PSD, but prove inaccurate if reference data are non-Gaussian. This work presents novel algorithms for the synthesis of accelerated durability test profiles with prescribed FDS and a non-Gaussian distribution. An experimental campaign is conducted to validate the algorithms, by testing their accuracy, robustness, and practical effectiveness. Moreover, an original procedure is proposed for the estimation of the fatigue damage potential, aiming to minimize the computational time. The research is thus supposed to improve both the effectiveness and the efficiency of excitation profile synthesis for accelerated durability tests.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Pesaresi, Emanuele
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Durability Tests, Fatigue Life Tests, Mission Synthesis, Kurtosis Control, Vibration Tests, Fatigue Damage Spectrum, Waveform Replication
Data di discussione
26 Marzo 2021

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