Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions: Linking Oceanic Biological Activity to Marine Aerosol Physico-Chemical and Cloud Properties

Mansour, Karam Abdelaal (2021) Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions: Linking Oceanic Biological Activity to Marine Aerosol Physico-Chemical and Cloud Properties, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Geofisica, 33 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/9548.
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In this work, in-situ measurements of aerosol chemical composition, particle number size distribution, cloud-relevant properties and ground-based cloud observations were combined with high-resolution satellite sea surface chlorophyll-a concentration and air mass back-trajectory data to investigate the impact of the marine biota on aerosol physico-chemical and cloud properties. Studies were performed over the North-Eastern Atlantic Ocean, the central Mediterranean Sea, and the Arctic Ocean, by deploying both multi-year datasets and short-time scale observations. All the data were chosen to be representative of the marine atmosphere, reducing to a minimum any anthropogenic input. A relationship between the patterns of marine biological activity and the time evolution of marine aerosol properties was observed, under a variety of aspects, from chemical composition to number concentration and size distribution, up to the most cloud‐relevant properties. At short-time scales (1-2 months), the aerosol properties tend to respond to biological activity variations with a delay of about one to three weeks. This delay should be considered in model applications that make use of Chlorophyll-a to predict marine aerosol properties at high temporal resolution. The impact of oceanic biological activity on the microphysical properties of marine stratiform clouds is also evidenced by our analysis, over the Eastern North Atlantic Ocean. Such clouds tend to have a higher number of smaller cloud droplets in periods of high biological activity with respect to quiescent periods. This confirms the possibility of feedback interactions within the biota-aerosol-cloud climate system. Achieving a better characterization of the time and space relationships linking oceanic biological activity to marine aerosol composition and properties may significantly impact our future capability of predicting the chemical composition of the marine atmosphere, potentially contributing to reducing the uncertainty of future climate predictions, through a better understanding of the natural climate system.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Mansour, Karam Abdelaal
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Aerosol‐Cloud Interactions, Marine Aerosol, Oceanic Biological Activity, Cloud Microphysics, Climate
Data di discussione
14 Maggio 2021

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