HIV-1 infection: back and forth between virus and host.

D'Urbano, Vanessa (2020) HIV-1 infection: back and forth between virus and host., [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze biomediche e neuromotorie, 33 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/9531.
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The main obstacles to HIV-1 eradication are linked to the viral ability to evade immune system and establish a reservoir where virus is transcriptionally latent but able to replicate. IFN action and Restriction Factors (RFs) expression, dominant proteins that target multiple steps of the HIV-1 lifecycle, represent an early line of defence Because of their interplay with viral replication, we would like to study the relationship between RFs and the viral amount in latently infected cells.The first part of this project investigates the expression levels variations of a selected group of RFs (APOBEC3G, BST2, TRIM5α, MX2, SAMHD1, SERINC3/5, IFI16 and STING) in HIV-1 patients during the course of infection before and after ART administration by using Real Time qPCR. The second part of this study deals with the role of IFNα and IFNγ, and their role in the immune system disfunction that has been described during chronic inflammation associated to cancer, viral infection such as HIV-1, and autoimmune-disease. Immune Check Point proteins (ICPs) are a group of inhibitory receptors expressed on the cellular surface of immune cells and trigger immunosuppressive signaling pathways leading to T-cell exhaustion and the expression of immune checkpoint molecules (PD-1, PD-L1, TIGIT, LILRB2). The major aim of this project is to assess the clinical meaning of ICPs expression in HIV-1 chronically infected patients to better characterized their involvement in immune system disfunction.

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Tesi di dottorato
D'Urbano, Vanessa
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Data di discussione
4 Dicembre 2020

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