Unraveling the pathophysiological mechanisms of visceral pain in the murine model of Fabry disease

Masotti, Martina (2020) Unraveling the pathophysiological mechanisms of visceral pain in the murine model of Fabry disease, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze biotecnologiche e farmaceutiche, 32 Ciclo.
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Abstract

Fabry disease (FD) is an X‐linked inherited, lysosomal storage disorder characterized by a deficient activity of the enzyme α-Galactosidase A (α-Gal A). This deficiency causes an accumulation of globotriaosylceramide 3 (Gb3), in nearly all organs. Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms are among the earliest and most frequent symptoms of FD. It has been hypothesized that Gb3 accumulation is the leading cause of these, but their pathophysiology is complex and still poorly understood. Here, we aim at understanding the molecular mechanisms underpinning the GI symptoms of FD. For this purpose, we used the α‐Gal A (-/0) male mouse, a murine model of FD, to characterize morphological and molecular features of the colon tract. Our results show that α‐Gal A (-/0) mice display a thickening of the muscular layer due to a hypertrophic state of myenteric plexus ganglia, caused by an accumulation of Gb3 in neurons. Also, α-Gal A (-/0) mice present a decreased density of mucosal nerve fibres. Furthermore, α-Gal A (-/0) mice presented visceral hyperalgesia, by showing greater visceromotor response (VMR) values and obtaining higher abdominal withdrawal reflex (AWR) scores, following colorectal distension (CRD). Subsequently, the immunoreactivity of the pain-related ion channels TRPV1, TRPV4, TRPA1 and TRPM8 was detected at level of myenteric and submucosal plexus ganglia of both the genotypes. Further studies are required to assess differences of expression between α-Gal A (-/0) and control mice. Finally, we optimized the protocols to obtain three types of primary cultures from mouse intestine to be tested electrophysiologically: a mixed culture containing neurons and glia, an enriched culture of neurons, and one of glia. In summary, we revealed alterations that are likely to be part of the pathophysiological causes of FD GI symptoms. Therefore, together with further studies, this work could help identify new therapeutic targets for the treatment of visceral pain in FD.

Abstract
Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Autore
Masotti, Martina
Supervisore
Dottorato di ricerca
Ciclo
32
Coordinatore
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Fabry disease visceral pain enteric nervous system ion channels
URN:NBN
Data di discussione
3 Aprile 2020
URI

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