6-(Methylsulfonyl) hexyl isothiocyanate as potential chemopreventive agent: molecular and cellular profile in leukaemia cell lines

Cocchi, Veronica (2020) 6-(Methylsulfonyl) hexyl isothiocyanate as potential chemopreventive agent: molecular and cellular profile in leukaemia cell lines, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze farmacologiche e tossicologiche, dello sviluppo e del movimento umano, 32 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/9442.
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Despite numerous therapeutic interventions cancer is still today the second leading cause of death. A growing interest has been addressed to isothiocytanates and more recently, the 6- (methylsulfonyl) hexyl isothiocyanate (6-MITC), the main constituent of the rhizome of Wasabia Japonica, has stimulated the interest of researchers. Aim of the research was to study if 6-MITC is able to modulate the main mechanisms underlying chemopreventive process in leukemic cells lines, verify the selectivity of action and the safety of use in terms of mutagenicity. The study was conducted on different cell types. In particular, Jurkat and HL-60 cells were treated with increasing concentrations of 6-MITC and cell viability, induction of apoptosis, cell cycle analysis, autophagy modulation and stimulation of differentiation were evaluated by flow cytometry. PBL, the non-transformed counterparty of leukemia cells, was used to analyse the selectivity of action by studying the same mechanisms previously indicated. Finally, safety of use and antimutagenicity were studied in TK6 cells adopting an automated protocol in flow cytometry. The achieved results have demonstrated that isothiocyanate modulates many signaling pathways involved in chemopreventive mechanism. In fact, 6-MITC induces apoptosis of both transformed cells, limits tumor growth by slowing down the cell cycle of Jurkat cells and blocks HL-60 cell cycle, increases the autophagic flux and induces cytodifferentiation of promyelocytic HL-60 into macrophage and granulocytic phenotypes. Furthermore, the results obtained with 6-MITC on PBL from healthy donors suggest that the isothiocyante is a good selective cytotoxic agent. Essential feature of a good chemopreventive agent is selectivity toward cancer cells and low toxicity towards non-transformed cells. Finally, the analysis of the micronuclei revealed that 6-MITC is not mutagenic, ensuring safe use, and that instead, it is able to counteract the mutagenic activity of the aneuploidogen Vinblastine, demonstrating another important and interesting chemopreventive activity.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Cocchi, Veronica
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
leukaemia cell lines, 6-MITC, chemoprevention, apoptosis, cell cycle, cytodifferentiation, autophagy, micronuclei, flow cytometry
Data di discussione
27 Marzo 2020

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