Hydrogen production by enhanced methane reforming with membrane reactors or with CO2 capture materials

Fasolini, Andrea (2020) Hydrogen production by enhanced methane reforming with membrane reactors or with CO2 capture materials, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Chimica, 32 Ciclo.
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Pure hydrogen production from methane is a multi-step process run on a large scale for economic reasons. However, hydrogen can be produced in a one-pot continuous process for small scale applications, namely Low Temperature Steam Reforming. Here, Steam Reforming is carried out in a reactor whose walls are composed by a membrane selective toward hydrogen. Pd is the most used membrane material due to its high permeability and selectivity. However, Pd deteriorates at temperatures higher than 500°C, thus the operative temperature of the reaction has to be lowered. However, the employment of a membrane reactor may allow to give high yields thanks to hydrogen removal, which shifts the reaction toward the products. Moreover, pure hydrogen is produced. This work is concentrated on the synthesis of a catalytic system and the investigation of its performances in different processes, namely oxy-reforming, steam reforming and water gas shift, to find appropriate conditions for hydrogen production in a catalytic membrane reactor. The catalyst supports were CeZr and Zr oxides synthesized by microemulsion, impregnated with different noble metals. Pt, Rh and PtRh based catalysts were tested in the oxy reforming process at 500°C, where Rh on CeZr gave the most interesting results. On the opposite, the best performances in low temperature steam reforming were obtained with Rh impregnated on Zr oxide. This catalyst was selected to perform low temperature steam reforming in a Pd membrane reactor. The hydrogen removal given by the membrane allowed to increase the methane conversion over the equilibrium of a classical fixed bed reactor thanks to an equilibrium shift effect. High hydrogen production and recoveries were also obtained, and no other compound permeated through the membrane which proved to be hydrogen selective.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Fasolini, Andrea
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
membrane reactor; methane; reforming; low temperature; Oxy-reforming; pure hydrogen; microemulsion; CeZr oxide; Zr oxide; noble metals; water gas shift; CeZrPr oxide; CO2 methanation; sorption enhanced steam reforming; CO2 capture materials
Data di discussione
1 Aprile 2020

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