Experimental Project on the Safety and the Optimization of the Use of Glyphosate-Based Herbicides in the Grain Sector.

Mandrioli, Daniele (2020) Experimental Project on the Safety and the Optimization of the Use of Glyphosate-Based Herbicides in the Grain Sector., [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze e tecnologie agrarie, ambientali e alimentari, 32 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/9286.
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INTRODUCTION: Glyphosate is the most widely applied pesticide worldwide and it is an active ingredient of all glyphosate-based herbicides (GBHs), including in the formulation “Roundup” . It is unclear if the glyphosate present in ground water can be absorbed and translocated in different parts of the pants, particularly wheat plants. This indeed represents an important aspect for productivity (being this a powerful herbicide) and organic certification of the products (the use of glyphosate is not admitted in organic farming and the ubiquitous contamination of glyphosate in water might in theory affect the level of glyphosate in the plants). Overall, epidemiological, in vivo and in vitro studies available in literature present conflicting findings on the safety of glyphosate. METHODS: The work performed for this PhD thesis aimed to experimentally test the root absorption and the eventual translocation of the glyphosate herbicide in the different parts of the wheat plant (Triticum durum) starting from ground water. Furthermore we aimed to experimentally test the effects of the exposure to GBHs at doses of glyphosate considered to be “safe”, the US ADI of 1.75 mg/kg bw/day, defined as the chronic Reference Dose (cRfD) determined by the US EPA, in in vivo models (Sprague-Dawley rats) and in vitro models (Caco2 and L929). RESULTS: All the experimental absorption studies on wheat plants performed have given negative results in terms of the presence of glyphosate or AMPA in the grain of durum wheat. On the other hand the experimental safety studies on in vitro and in vivo models highlighted different effects at doses currently considered safe for humans and with no effects in animals. CONCLUSION: Overall the integration of the findings from absorption in plants and safety studies will serve as solid evidence-base for risk assessment and productive strategies for agriculture.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Mandrioli, Daniele
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
herbicide; wheat; water; absorption
Data di discussione
1 Aprile 2020

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