Advanced solutions for authenticity and quality of virgin olive oils

Palagano, Rosa (2020) Advanced solutions for authenticity and quality of virgin olive oils, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze e tecnologie agrarie, ambientali e alimentari, 32 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/9227.
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This Ph.D. project aimed to the development and improvement of analytical solutions for control of quality and authenticity of virgin olive oils. According to this main objective, different research activities were carried out: concerning the quality control of olive oil, two of the official parameters defined by regulations (free acidity and fatty acid ethyl esters) were taken into account, and more sustainable and easier analytical solutions were developed and validated in-house. Regarding authenticity, two different issues were faced: verification of the geographical origin of extra virgin (EVOOs) and virgin olive oils (VOOs), and assessment of soft-deodorized oils illegally mixed with EVOOs. About fatty acid ethyl esters, a revised method based on the application of off-line HPLC-GC-FID (with PTV injector), revising both the preparative phase and the GC injector required in the official method, was developed. Next, the method was in-house validated evaluating several parameters. Concerning free acidity, a portable system suitable for in-situ measurements of VOO free acidity was developed and in-house validated. Its working principle is based on the estimation of the olive oil free acidity by measuring the conductance of an emulsion between a hydro-alcoholic solution and the sample to be tested. The procedure is very quick and easy and, therefore, suitable for people without specific training. Another study developed during the Ph.D. was about the application of flash gas chromatography for volatile compounds analysis, combined with untargeted chemometric data elaborations, for discrimination of EVOOs and VOOs of different geographical origin. A set of 210 samples coming from different EU member states and extra-EU countries were collected and analyzed. Data were elaborated applying two different classification techniques, one linear (PLS-DA) and one non-linear (ANN). Finally, a preliminary study about the application of GC-IMS (Gas Chromatograph - Ion Mobility Spectrometer) for assessment of soft-deodorized olive oils was carried out.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Palagano, Rosa
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
virgin olive oil, quality, authenticity, fatty acids ethyl esters, in-house validation, free acidity, geographical origin, soft-deodorization
Data di discussione
20 Marzo 2020

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