Personalization of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems Toxicological impact in in-vivo model

Cirillo, Silvia (2020) Personalization of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems Toxicological impact in in-vivo model, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze farmacologiche e tossicologiche, dello sviluppo e del movimento umano, 32 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/9182.
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Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) use has recently grown. E-cig generates carcinogenic chemical compounds and reactive oxygen species (ROS). Carbonyls and ROS are formed when the liquid comes into contact with the heating element. In this study the chemical and biological effects of coil resistance applied on the same device were investigated. A preliminary in-vivo study the new heat-not-burn devices (IQOS®) has been conducted to evaluate the effect of the device on antioxidant biomarkers. The amount of formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, acrolein was measured by GC-MS analysis. The two e-liquids used for carbonyls detection differed only for the presence of nicotine. The nicotine-free liquid was then used for the detection of ROS in the aerosol. The impact of the non-nicotine vapor on cell viability in H1299 human lung carcinoma cells, as well as the biological effects in a rat model of e-cig aerosol exposure, were also evaluated. After the exposure of Sprague Dawley rats to e-cig and IQOS® aerosol, the effect of 28-day treatment was examined on enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant response, lung inflammation, blood homeostasis and tissue damage by using scanning electron microscope (SEM) technique. The results show a significant correlation between the low resistance and the generation of higher concentrations of the selected carbonyls and ROS in aerosols. Cell viability was reduced with an inverse relation to coil resistance. The experimental model highlighted an impairment of the pulmonary antioxidant and detoxifying machinery. Frames from SEM show disorganization of alveolar and bronchial epithelium. IQOS® exposed animals shows a significant production of ROS related to the unbalance of antioxidant defense and alteration of macromolecule integrity. This research demonstrates how several toxicological aspects can potentially occur in e-cig consumers who use low resistance device coupled with nicotine-free liquid. ENDS may expose users to hazardous compounds, which, may promote chronic pathologies and degenerative diseases.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Cirillo, Silvia
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
ENDS, e-cig, IQOS, oxidative stress, inflammation, in-vivo, DNA, lung, liver, aerosol, aldehydes, inhalation, toxicology
Data di discussione
27 Marzo 2020

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