Aragonite-based scaffold for the treatment of knee osteochondral defects: results of a prospective multi-center trial at 2 years' follow-up

Di Matteo, Berardo (2019) Aragonite-based scaffold for the treatment of knee osteochondral defects: results of a prospective multi-center trial at 2 years' follow-up, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze biomediche e neuromotorie, 32 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/9098.
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PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical and MRI outcomes after the implantation of a nanostructured cell free aragonite-based scaffold in patients affected by knee chondral and osteochondral lesions. METHODS: 126 patients (94 men, 32 women; age 32.7±8.8 years) were included according to the following criteria: grade III or IV chondra/osteochondral lesions in the femoral condyles or throclea; 2) no limb axial deviation (i.e. varus or valgus knee > 5°); 3) no signs of knee instability; 4) no concurrent tibial or patellar chondral/osteochondral defects. All patients were treated by arthrotomic implantation of an aragonite based-scaffold by a press-fit technique. Patients were prospectively evaluated by IKDC, Tegner, Lysholm and KOOS scores preoperatively and then at 6, 12, 18 and 24-months follow-up. MRI was also performed to evaluate the amount of defect filling by regenerated cartilage. Failures were defined as the need for re-intervention in the index knee within the follow-up period. RESULTS: Average defect size was 2±1.3 cm2 and in most cases a single scaffold was used. A significant improvement in each clinical score was recorded from basal level to 24 months’ follow-up. In particular, the IKDC subjective score increased from 42.14±16 to 70.94±24.69 and the Tegner score improved from 2.95±1.90 to 4.82±1.85 (p<0.0005). Lysholm score and all the subscales of KOOS showed a similar trend over time. Age of the patient at implantation, size of the defect and BMI were correlated with lower clinical outcome. The presence of OA didn’t influence the clinical results. MRI evaluation showed a significant increase in defect filling over time, with the highest value reached at 24 months. Failures occurred in eleven patients (8.7%). CONCLUSION: The aragonite-based biomimetic osteochondral scaffold proved to be safe, and encouraging clinical and radiographic outcomes were documented up to 2 years’ follow-up.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Di Matteo, Berardo
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
knee; cartilage; scaffold; cartilage; regeneration; osteochondral; biomaterials; prospective
Data di discussione
29 Novembre 2019

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