Effect of host genotype and prion strain on the phenotypic heterogeneity of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease: the peripheral nervous system involvement and the spectrum of the genetic form

Baiardi, Simone (2019) Effect of host genotype and prion strain on the phenotypic heterogeneity of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease: the peripheral nervous system involvement and the spectrum of the genetic form, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze biomediche e neuromotorie, 32 Ciclo.
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Abstract

The first study was designed to assess whether the involvement of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) belongs to the phenotypic spectrum of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD). To this aim, we reviewed medical records of 117 sCJDVV2, 65 sCJDMV2K, and 121 sCJDMM(V)1 subjects for symptoms/signs and neurophysiological data. We looked for the presence of PrPSc in postmortem PNS samples from 14 subjects by western blotting and real-time quaking-induced conversion (RT-QuIC) assay. Seventy-five (41.2%) VV2-MV2K patients, but only 11 (9.1%) MM(V)1, had symptoms/signs suggestive of PNS involvement and neuropathy was documented in half of the VV2-MV2K patients tested. RT-QuIC was positive in all PNS samples, whereas western blotting detected PrPSc in the sciatic nerve in only one VV2 and one MV2K. These results support the conclusion that peripheral neuropathy, likely related to PrPSc deposition, belongs to the phenotypic spectrum of sCJDMV2K and VV2, the two variants linked to the V2 strain. The second study aimed to characterize the genetic/molecular determinants of phenotypic variability in genetic CJD (gCJD). To this purpose, we compared 157 cases of gCJD to 300 of sCJD. We analyzed: demographic aspects, neurological symptoms/signs, histopathologic features and biochemical characteristics of PrPSc. The results strongly indicated that the clinicopathological phenotypes of gCJD largely overlap with those of sCJD and that the genotype at codon 129 in cis with the mutation (i.e. haplotype) contributes more than the latter to the disease phenotype. Some mutations, however, cause phenotypic variations including haplotype-specific patterns of PrPSc deposition such as the “dense” synaptic pattern (E200K-129M), the intraneuronal dots (E200K-129V), and the linear stripes perpendicular to the surface in the molecular layer of cerebellum (OPRIs-129M). Overall, these results suggest that in gCJD PRNP mutations do not cause the emergence of novel prion strains, but rather confer increased susceptibility to the disease in conjunction with “minor” clinicopathological variations.

Abstract
Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Autore
Baiardi, Simone
Supervisore
Dottorato di ricerca
Ciclo
32
Coordinatore
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
prion, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, CJD, strain, genetic, PRNP, codon 129, neuropathology, neuropathy, real-time quaking induced conversion, RT-QuIC, phenotype, neurodegenerative
URN:NBN
Data di discussione
29 Novembre 2019
URI

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