Time-Dependent Simulations of One-dimensional Quantum Systems: from Thermalization to Localization

Naldesi, Piero (2016) Time-Dependent Simulations of One-dimensional Quantum Systems: from Thermalization to Localization, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Fisica, 28 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/7275.
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In the first part of this thesis we study the Aubry-André model for interacting fermions. We numerically describe its phase diagram at half filling, performing both DMRG and QMC simulations. We show the existence of a localized phase and other three regimes: luttinger liquid, charge density wave and productstate. We study the properties of the excited states of the Hamiltonian, looking for a many-body mobility edge in the spectrum, i.e. an energy threshold that separates localized from ergodic states. Analyzing many indicators we prove its existence. Finally we propose a quench-spectroscopy method for detecting the mobility edge dynamically. In the second part we study the expansion dynamics of two bosons in a one-dimensional lattice as ruled by the Bose-Hubbard model Hamiltonian, both in the attractive and repulsive regime. Using the Bethe Ansatz we identify the bound states effects and how the two-particles state evolves in time. We show that, independently from the initial state, there exists a strong relation between the expansion velocity and the presence of bound states in the spectrum. Moreover, we discuss the role of the lattice in the system expansion. In the third part we study the time evolution of the entanglement entropy in the Ising model, when it is dynamically driven across a quantum phase transition with different velocities. We computed the time-evolution of the half chain entanglement entropy and we found that, depending on the velocity at which the critical point is reached, it displays different regimes: an adiabatic one when the system evolves according to the instantaneous ground state; a a sudden quench regime when the system remains frozen to its initial state; and an intermediate one, where the entropy starts growing linearly but then displays oscillations. Moreover, we discuss the Kibble-Zurek mechanism for the transition between the paramagnetic and the ordered phase.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Naldesi, Piero
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze matematiche, fisiche ed astronomiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Time-dependent, one-dimension, simulation, condensed matter, many-body localization, expansion, adiabatic, Kibble-Zurek
Data di discussione
29 Febbraio 2016

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