Sequestered String Models: Supersymmetry Breaking and Cosmological Applications

Muia, Francesco (2016) Sequestered String Models: Supersymmetry Breaking and Cosmological Applications, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Fisica, 28 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/7274.
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In the present thesis I focused on the study of the phenomenology arising from a class of string models called sequestered compactifications, which were born with the aim of getting low-energy SUSY from strings. This is not an easy task if combined with cosmological constraints, since the mechanism of moduli stabilization fixes both the scale of supersymmetric particles and the scale of moduli, which tend to be of the same order. However, if on the one hand supersymmetric particles with TeV mass are desired in order to address the electroweak hierarchy problem, on the other hand the cosmological moduli problem requires the moduli to be heavier than 100 TeV. The specific setup of sequestered compactifications makes this hierarchy achievable, at least in principle: as in these models the visible sector is located on a stack of D3-branes at singularities, a physical separation between the visible degrees of freedom and the SUSY-breaking sources takes place. Such decoupling translates into a hierarchy between the scale of SUSY-breaking and the spectrum of supersymmetric particles. Interestingly, moduli are the four-dimensional manifestation of the existence of extra-dimensions. Since they are only gravitationally coupled, they could decay late in the history of the universe, affecting in a significant way its cosmological evolution. Possible deviations of the cosmological observables from the values predicted by the standard Hot Big Bang Theory constitute an interesting alternative for the discovery of new physics beyond the Standard Model, which is complementary to the particle physics search. For this reason in addition to SUSY-breaking in sequestered models, I also studied several cosmological scenarios arising from them, such as production of non-thermal dark matter and dark radiation, reheating from moduli decay and inflation.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Muia, Francesco
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze matematiche, fisiche ed astronomiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
String theory, Particle Phenomenology, Cosmology, Supersymmetry Breaking, Dark Matter, Dark Radiation, Inflation
Data di discussione
29 Febbraio 2016

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