Analysis of Copy Number Variants identifies new candidate genes for Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability

Lomartire, Silvia (2015) Analysis of Copy Number Variants identifies new candidate genes for Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Biologia cellulare e molecolare, 27 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/7111.
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Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and Intellectual Disability (ID) are complex neuropsychiatric disorders characterized by extensive clinical and genetic heterogeneity and with overlapping risk factors. The aim of my project was to further investigate the role of Copy Numbers Variants (CNVs), identified through genome-wide studies performed by the Autism Geome Project (AGP) and the CHERISH consortium in large cohorts of ASD and ID cases, respectively. Specifically, I focused on four rare genic CNVs, selected on the basis of their impact on interesting ASD/ID candidate genes: a) a compound heterozygous deletion involving CTNNA3, predicted to cause the lack of functional protein; b) a 15q13.3 duplication containing CHRNA7; c) a 2q31.1 microdeletion encompassing KLHL23, SSB and METTL5; d) Lastly, I investigated the putative imprinting regulation of the CADPS2 gene, disrupted by a maternal deletion in two siblings with ASD and ID. This study provides further evidence for the role of CTNNA3, CHRNA7, KLHL23 and CADPS2 as ASD and/or ID susceptibility genes, and highlights that rare genetic variation contributes to disease risk in different ways: some rare mutations, such as those impacting CTNNA3, act in a recessive mode of inheritance, while other CNVs, such as those occurring in the 15q13.3 region, are implicated in multiple developmental and/or neurological disorders possibly interacting with other susceptibility variants elsewhere in the genome. On the other hand, the discovery of a tissue-specific monoallelic expression for the CADPS2 gene, implicates the involvement of epigenetic regulatory mechanisms as risk factors conferring susceptibility to ASD/ID.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Lomartire, Silvia
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze biologiche, biomediche e biotecnologiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Data di discussione
9 Aprile 2015

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