Role of (R)-9-hydroxystearic acid in zebrafish development

Naso, Federica (2015) Role of (R)-9-hydroxystearic acid in zebrafish development , [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze biochimiche e biotecnologiche, 27 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/7082.
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9-hydroxystearic acid (9-HSA) belongs to a class of lipid peroxidation products identified in several human and murine cell lines. These products are greatly diminished in tumors compared to normal tissues and their amount is inversely correlated with the malignancy of the tumor. 9-HSA activity has been tested in cancer cell lines, where it showed to act as a histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) inhibitor. In particular, in a colon cancer cell line (HT29), its administration resulted in an inhibition of proliferation together with an induction of differentiation. In this thesis the effect of (R)-9-hydroxystearic acid has been tested in vivo on cell proliferation and differentiation processes, in the early stages of zebrafish development. The final aim of this work was to elucidate the role of (R)-9-HSA in the control of cell differentiation and proliferation during normal development, in order to better understand its molecular control of cancerogenesis. The molecule has been administered via injection in the yolk of zebrafish embryos. The analysis of the histone acetylation pattern showed a hyperacetilation of histone H4 after treatment with the molecule, as detectable in HDAC1 mutants. (R)-9-HSA was also demonstrated to interfere with the signaling pathways that regulate proliferation and differentiation in zebrafish retina and hindbrain. This resulted in a reduction of proliferation in the hindbrain at 24 hours post injection (hpi), and in a hyperproliferation at 48 and 72 hpi in the retina, with a concomitant inhibition of differentiation. Finally, (R)-9-HSA effects were evident on proliferation of stem cell located in the ciliary marginal zone (CMZ) of the retina. The presence of ROS and 4-hydroxynoneal in the CMZ of wild-type embryos supports the hypothesis that oxidative stress could regulate stem cells fate in zebrafish retina.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Naso, Federica
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze biologiche, biomediche e biotecnologiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
9-HSA, zebrafish, lipid peroxidation, retina development
Data di discussione
13 Aprile 2015

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