Mitochondrial respiratory supercomplex association limits production of reactive oxygen species from Complex I

Maranzana, Evelina Susana Beatriz (2014) Mitochondrial respiratory supercomplex association limits production of reactive oxygen species from Complex I, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze biochimiche e biotecnologiche, 26 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/6601.
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Evidence accumulated in the last ten years has demonstrated that a large proportion of the mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes in a variety of organisms is arranged in supramolecular assemblies called supercomplexes or respirasomes. Besides conferring a kinetic advantage (substrate channeling) and being required for the assembly and stability of Complex I, indirect considerations support the view that supercomplexes may also prevent excessive formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) from the respiratory chain. Following this line of thought we have decided to directly investigate ROS production by Complex I under conditions in which the complex is arranged as a component of the supercomplex I1III2 or it is dissociated as an individual enzyme. The study has been addressed both in bovine heart mitochondrial membranes and in reconstituted proteoliposomes composed of complexes I and III in which the supramolecular organization of the respiratory assemblies is impaired by: (i) treatment either of bovine heart mitochondria or liposome-reconstituted supercomplex I-III with dodecyl maltoside; (ii) reconstitution of Complexes I and III at high phospholipids to protein ratio. The results of this investigation provide experimental evidence that the production of ROS is strongly increased in either model; supporting the view that disruption or prevention of the association between Complex I and Complex III by different means enhances the generation of superoxide from Complex I . This is the first demonstration that dissociation of the supercomplex I1III2 in the mitochondrial membrane is a cause of oxidative stress from Complex I. Previous work in our laboratory demonstrated that lipid peroxidation can dissociate the supramolecular assemblies; thus, here we confirm that preliminary conclusion that primary causes of oxidative stress may perpetuate reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation by a vicious circle involving supercomplex dissociation as a major determinant.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Maranzana, Evelina Susana Beatriz
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze biologiche, biomediche e biotecnologiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Complex I - Mitochondria - Supercomplexes - ROS production - Oxidative stress
Data di discussione
11 Aprile 2014

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