Characterization of the Caspr2 and NLGN2 ligands: a proteomic and biochemical approach

Vincelli, Gabriele (2014) Characterization of the Caspr2 and NLGN2 ligands: a proteomic and biochemical approach, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze biochimiche e biotecnologiche, 26 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/6552.
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Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a range of early-onset conditions classified as neurodevelopmental disorders, characterized by deficits in social interactions and communication, as well as by restricted interest and repetitive behaviors. Among the proteins associated with this spectrum of disease there are Caspr2, α-NRXN1, NLGN1-4. Caspr2 is involved in the clustering of K+ channels at the juxtaparanodes, where it is proposed to bind TAG-1. Recent works reported a synaptic localization of Caspr2, but little is know on its role in this compartment. NRXNs and their ligand NLGNs, instead, have a well-defined role in the formation and maintenance of synapses. Among the neuroligins, NLGN2 binds NRXNs with the lowest affinity, suggesting that it could have other not yet characterized ligands. The aim of this work was to better characterize the binding of Caspr2 to TAG-1 and to identify new potential binding partner for Caspr2 and NLGN2. Unexpectedly, using Isothermal Titration Calorimetry and co-immunoprecipitation experiments the direct association of the first two proteins could not be verified and the results indicate that the first evidences reporting it were biased by false-positive artifacts. These findings, together with the uncharacterized synaptic localization of Caspr2, made the identification of new potential binding partners for this protein necessary. To find new proteins that associate with Caspr2 and NLGN2, affinity chromatography in tandem with mass spectrometry experiments were performed. Interestingly, about 25 new potential partners were found for these two proteins and NLGN1, that was originally included as a control: 5 of those, namely SFRP1, CLU, APOE, CNTN1 and TNR, were selected for further investigations. Only the association of CLU to NLGN2 was confirmed. In the future, screenings of the remaining candidates have to be carried out and the functional role for the proposed NLGN2-CLU complex has to be studied.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Vincelli, Gabriele
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze biologiche, biomediche e biotecnologiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Autism, Caspr2, TAG-1, NLGN1, NLGN2, Ligands, Characterization, Fishing, ITC, Co-IP, SFRP1, CLU, APOE, CNTN1, TNR.
Data di discussione
11 Aprile 2014

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