N-Heterocyclic carbene complexes of rhodium: structures, dynamics and catalysis

Solinas, Gavino (2013) N-Heterocyclic carbene complexes of rhodium: structures, dynamics and catalysis, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze chimiche, 25 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/5637.
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A series of imidazolium salts of the type [BocNHCH2CH2ImR]X (Boc = t-Bu carbamates; Im = imidazole) (R = Me, X = I, 1a; R = Bn, X = Br, 1b; R = Trityl, X = Cl, 1c) and [BnImR’]X (R’ = Me, X = Br, 1d; R’ = Bn, X = Br, 1e; R’ = Trityl, X = Cl, 1g; R’ = tBu, X = Br, 1h) bearing increasingly bulky substituents were synthetized and characterized. Subsequently, these precursors were employed in the synthesis of silver(I)-N-heterocyclic (NHC) complexes as transmetallating reagents for the preparation of rhodium(I) complexes [RhX(NBD)(NHC)] (NHC = 1-(2-NHBoc-ethyl)-3-R-imidazolin-2-ylidene; X = Cl; R = Me, 4a; R = Bn, 4b; R = Trityl, 4c; X = I, R = Me, 5a; NHC = 1-Bn-3-R’-imidazolin-2-ylidene; X = Cl; R’ = Me, 4d, R’ = Bn, 4e, R’ = Trityl, 4g; R’ = tBu, 4h). VT NMR studies of these complexes revealed a restricted rotation barriers about the metal-carbene bond. While the rotation barriers calculated for the complexes in which R = Me, Bn (4a,b,d,e and 5a) matched the experimental values, this was not true for the complexes 4c,g, bearing a trityl group for which the values are much smaller than the calculated ones. Energy barriers for 4c,g, derived from a line shape simulation, showed a strong dependence on the temperature while for 4h the rotational energy barrier is stopped at room temperature. The catalytic activity of the new rhodium compounds was investigated in the hydrosilylation of terminal alkynes and in the addition of phenylboronic acid to benzaldehyde. The imidazolium salts 1d,e were also employed in the synthesis of new iron(II)-NHC complexes. Finally, during a six-months stay at the University of York a new ligand derived from Norharman was prepared and employed in palladium-mediated cross-coupling.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Solinas, Gavino
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze chimiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
imidazolium salts, N-heterocyclic ligands, silver complexes, rhodium complexes, catalysis
Data di discussione
17 Aprile 2013

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