Spectroscopic study of Bioceramics for Endodontic and Orthopaedics

Modena, Enrico (2012) Spectroscopic study of Bioceramics for Endodontic and Orthopaedics, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze biomediche: progetto n. 1 "Biotecnologie mediche", 24 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/4860.
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This thesis was aimed at investigating the physical-chemical properties and the behaviour in physiological environment of two classes of bioceramics: calcium silicate-based dental cements and alumina-based femoral heads for hip joint prostheses. The material characterization was performed using spectroscopic techniques such as that allow to obtain information on the molecular structure of the species and phases present in the analyzed samples. Raman, infrared and fluorescence spectroscopy was principally used. Calcium silicate cements, such as MTA (Mineral Trioxide Aggregate), are hydraulic materials that can set in presence of water: this characteristic makes them suitable for oral surgery and in particular as root-end filling materials. With the aim to improve the properties of commercial MTA cements, several MTA-based experimental formulations have been tested with regard to bioactivity (i.e. apatite forming ability) upon ageing in simulated body fluids. The formation of a bone-like apatite layer may support the integration in bone tissue and represents an essential requirement for osteoconduction and osteoinduction. The spectroscopic studies demonstrated that the experimental materials under study had a good bioactivity and were able to remineralize demineralized dentin. . Bioceramics thanks to their excellent mechanical properties and chemical resistance, are widely used as alternative to polymer (UHMWPE) and metal alloys (Cr-Co) for hip-joint prostesis. In order to investigate the in vivo wear mechanisms of three different generations of commercial bioceramics femoral heads (Biolox®, Biolox® forte, and Biolox® delta), fluorescence and Raman spectroscopy were used to investigate the surface properties and residual stresses of retrieved implants. Spectroscopic results suggested different wear mechanisms in the three sets of retrievals. Since Biolox® delta is a relatively recent material, the Raman results on its retrievals has been reported for the first time allowing to validate the in vitro ageing protocols proposed in the literature to simulate the effects of the in vivo wear.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Modena, Enrico
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze mediche e chirurgiche cliniche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Apatite Bioactivity Raman FT-IR Retrieval Biolox zirconia Alumina MTA endodontic root-end bioceramics biomaterials
Data di discussione
11 Maggio 2012

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