The role of mitochondria in the regulation of gamma rays induced mTOR-dependent senescence

Mariani, Elisa (2012) The role of mitochondria in the regulation of gamma rays induced mTOR-dependent senescence, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Biochimica, 24 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/4799.
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The first aims of this study were to demonstrate if mitochondrial biogenesis and senescence can be induced simultaneously in cell lines upon exposure to a genotoxic stress, and if the presence of mtDNA mutations which impair the functionality of respiratory complexes can influence the ability of a cell to activate senescence. The data obtained on the oncocytic model XTC.UC1 demonstrated that the presence of mitochondrial dysfunction is involved in the maintenance of a senescent phenotype induced by γ-rays treatment. The involvement of mTORC1 in the regulation of senescence has been shown in this cell line. On the other hand, in cells which do not present mitochondrial dysfunction it has been verified that genotoxic stress determines the activation of both mitochondrial biogenesis and senescence. Further studies are necessary in order to verify if mitochondrial biogenesis sustains the activation of senescence. The second aim of this thesis was to determine the involvement of mTORC1 in the regulation of PGC-1α expression, in order to verify what is the cause of the development of oncocytoma in patients affected by two hereditary cancer syndromes; Cowden and Birt-hogg-Dubé . The study of oncocytic tumors developed by patients affected by these syndromes suggested that the double heterozigosity of the two causative genes, PTEN and FLCN respectively, induce the activation of mTORC1 and therefore the activation of PGC-1α expression. On XTC.UC1 cell line, the most suitable in vitro model, experiments of complementation of PTEN and FLCN were conducted. To date, these results demonstrated that mTORC1 is not involved in the regulation of PGC-1α expression, and PTEN and FLCN seem to have opposite effect on PGC-1α expression.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Mariani, Elisa
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze biologiche, biomediche e biotecnologiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Data di discussione
5 Giugno 2012

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