Characterization of new molecular targets involved in iodide flux in the thyroid gland: the anoctamins

Iosco, Carmela (2012) Characterization of new molecular targets involved in iodide flux in the thyroid gland: the anoctamins, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Biochimica, 24 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/4797.
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Iodide transport is necessary for the synthesis of thyroid hormones following accumulation in the follicular lumen out of thyroid cells, via channels unknown with the exception of pendrin. According to our hypothesis, TMEM16A could be the main molecular identity of the channel mediating iodide efflux in the thyroid gland. TMEM16A is the prior candidate for calcium-activated chloride conductance (CaCC). TMEM16A belongs to the TMEM16/anoctamin family comprising ten members (TMEM16A-K). Higher affinity of TMEM16A for iodide and predicted expression in the thyroid gland suggest its mediation of iodide efflux. The aim of this project was to identify the role of TMEM16A in iodide transport in the thyroid gland, by characterizing its molecular expression and functional properties. We demonstrated that TMEM16F, H, K transcripts are expressed in FRTL-5 thyroid cells, as well as TMEM16A, which is TSH-independent. Tumor tissue from human thyroid maintains TMEM16A expression. Functional in vivo experiments in FRTL-5, stably expressing YFP-H148Q/I152L fluorescent protein as a biosensor, showed that iodide efflux is stimulated by agonists of purinergic receptors with an order of potency of ATP>UTP>ADP (compatible with an involvement of P2Y purinergic receptors), and by agonists of adrenergic receptors (epinephrine, norepinephrine and phenylephrine). Iodide efflux was blocked by α-receptor antagonists prazosin and phentolamine, consistent with a role of α1 adrenergic receptors. Iodide efflux was specifically dependent on calcium mobilized from intracellular compartments and induced by the calcium ionophore ionomycin. CaCC blockers suppressed ionomycin-/ATP-/epinephrine-stimulated iodide efflux. Heterologous expression of TMEM16A in CHO K1 cells induced calcium-activated iodide fluxes. All these results support the hypothesis of the involvement of TMEM16A in calcium-dependent iodide efflux induced by receptor agonists in thyroid cells. TMEM16A may represent a new pharmacological target for thyroid cancer therapy, since its blockade may enhance the retention of radioiodide by tumour cells enhancing the efficacy of radioablative therapy.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Iosco, Carmela
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze biologiche, biomediche e biotecnologiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Data di discussione
5 Giugno 2012

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