Electrosynthesis and characterization of structured catalysts

Monti, Marco (2012) Electrosynthesis and characterization of structured catalysts, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze chimiche, 24 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/4781.
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In this research work the optimization of the electrochemical system of LDHs as catalytic precursors on FeCrAlY foams was carried out. Preliminary sintheses were performed on flat surfaces in order to easily characterize the deposited material. From the study of pH evolution vs time at different cathodic potentials applied to a Pt electrode, the theoretical best working conditions for the synthesis of single hydroxides and LDH compounds was achieved. In order to define the optimal potential for the synthesis of a particular LDH compound, the collected data were compared with the interval of precipitation determined by titration with NaOH. However, the characterization of the deposited material on Pt surfaces did not confirm the deposition of a pure and homogeneous LDH phase during the synthesis. Instead a sequential deposition linked to the pH of precipitation of the involved elements is observed. The same behavior was observed during the synthesis of the RhMgAl LDH on FeCrAlY foam as catalytic precursor. Several parameters were considered in order to optimize the synthesis.. The development of electrochemical cells with different feature, such as the counter electrode dimensions or the contact between the foam and the potentiostat, had been carried out in order to obtain a better coating of the foam. The influence of the initial pH of the electrolyte solution, of the applied potential, of the composition of the electrolytic solution were investigated in order to improve a better coating of the catalyst support. Catalytic tests were performed after the calcination of the deposited foam for the CPO and SR reactions, showing an improve of performances along with optimization of the precursors synthesis conditions.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Monti, Marco
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze chimiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Data di discussione
12 Aprile 2012

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