Ricerca di marcatori molecolari nella prevenzione dei tumori di testa e collo

Girardi, Ambra (2012) Ricerca di marcatori molecolari nella prevenzione dei tumori di testa e collo, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze dello sviluppo e del movimento umano: progetto n. 2 "Sviluppo e riproduzione umana", 24 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/4584.
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Oral cavity cancers (OSCC) are among the most malignances worldwide. OSCC tipically affects men in their IV or V dedade of life, and the most relevant risk factors are tobacco and alcohol consumption. OSCCs generally exhibit poor prognosis, and late stage identification correlates with higher mortality rates. Basic prognostic factors, are tumor size and presence of lymph node and/or distance metastases (T classification, N, M). However, tumors with the same TNM grade and similar morphology may have completely different evolution, because of their intrinsic biological characteristics. For these reasons, the identification of new molecular markers with a predictive value, could represent useful tools in OSCC prevention, prognosis and treatment. In the first part of my PhD project I evaluated the loss of heterozygosity as a possible cause of deregulation of well-known tumor suppressors genes. Obtained data put on light the importance of this rearrangement and genes PDCD4, CTNB1, CASP4 and HSP23, in the onset and progression of OSCC. Subsequently, the analysis of the expression profile of miRNAs, led to the identification of some miRNAs that seems to be involved in cancer development and metastatic progression. In both cases, we need further investigations to understand whether these molecules may be used ideal markers in OSCC diagnosis and treatment.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Girardi, Ambra
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze biologiche, biomediche e biotecnologiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
OSCC, marcatori molecolari, LOH, microRNA, SNP
Data di discussione
15 Maggio 2012

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