Antimicrobial activity of peach and grapevine defensins

Nanni, Valentina (2012) Antimicrobial activity of peach and grapevine defensins, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Ecologia microbica e patologia vegetale, 24 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/4434.
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Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are an important component of the innate immune system of the plants. Plant defensins are a large family of antimicrobial peptides with several interesting features, such as small dimension, high stability and broad spectrum of action. The discovery of new molecules and the study of their mechanism of action allow to consider them attractive for biotechnological applications. In this PhD thesis a defensin from Prunus persica (PpDFN1) and four novel DEFensin Like (DEFL) peptides from Vitis vinifera have been studied. In order to characterize the antimicrobial activity of these molecules, the recombinant mature peptides have been expressed in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity by chromatography techniques. PpDFN1 is able to inhibit the growth of B. cinerea, P. expansum and M. laxa with different intensity. The recombinant peptide is capable of membrane permeabilization as demonstrated by SYTOX green fluorescence uptake in treated mycelia. Its interaction with membranes containing sphingolipid species has been shown by artificial lipid monolayers. Furthermore, PpDFN1 displays stronger interaction with monolayers composed by lipids extracted from sensitive fungi with the highest interaction against P. expansum, the most sensitive fungi to PpDFN1 action. DEFL 13, a defensin from grapevine, resulted the strongest antibotrytis peptides. It is electrostatically attracted to the fungal membranes as shown by the antagonist effect of the cations and is able to membrane permeabilization in B. cinerea hyphae. DEFL 13 is internalized in fungal cells and leads to fungal death by activation of some signaling pathways as demonstrated by screening of a mutant collection of B. cinerea

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Nanni, Valentina
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze agrarie
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
defensin, peach, grapevine, antimicrobial, B. cinerea, fungal membrane, mutant screening
Data di discussione
4 Aprile 2012

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