Effects of ambient temperature on cardiovascular regulation during sleep in hypocretin-deficient narcoleptic mice

Lo Martire, Viviana Carmen (2012) Effects of ambient temperature on cardiovascular regulation during sleep in hypocretin-deficient narcoleptic mice, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze biomediche: progetto n. 3 "Fisiologia applicata e fisiopatologia", 24 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/4419.
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Hypocretin 1 and 2 (HCRT, also called Orexin A and B) are neuropeptides released by neurons in the lateral hypothalamus. HCRT neurons widely project to the entire neuroaxis. HCRT neurons have been reported to participate in various hypothalamic physiological processes including cardiovascular functions, wake-sleep cycle, and they may also influence metabolic rate and the regulation of body temperature. HCRT neurons are lost in narcolepsy, a rare neurological disorder, characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, sleep fragmentation and occurrence of sleep-onset rapid-eye-movement episodes. We investigated whether HCRT neurons mediate the sleep-dependent cardiovascular adaptations to changes in ambient temperature (Ta). HCRT-ataxin3 transgenic mice with genetic ablation of HCRT neurons (n = 11) and wild-type controls (n = 12) were instrumented with electrodes for sleep scoring and a telemetric blood pressure (BP) transducer (DSI, Inc.). Simultaneous sleep and BP recordings were performed on mice undisturbed and freely-behaving at 20 °C, 25 °C, and 30 °C for 48 hours at each Ta. Analysis of variance of BP indicated a significance of the main effects of wake-sleep state and Ta, their interaction effect, and the wake-sleep state x mouse strain interaction effect. BP increased with decreasing Ta. This effect of Ta on BP was significantly lower in rapid-eye-movement sleep (REMS) than either in non-rapid-eye-movement sleep (NREMS) or wakefulness regardless of the mouse strain. BP was higher in wakefulness than either in NREMS or REMS. This effect of sleep on BP was significantly reduced in mice lacking HCRT neurons at each Ta, particularly during REMS. These data suggest that HCRT neurons play a critical role in mediating the effects of sleep but not those of Ta on BP in mice. HCRT neurons may thus be part of the central neural pathways which mediate the phenomenon of blood pressure dipping on passing from wakefulness to sleep.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Lo Martire, Viviana Carmen
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze mediche e chirurgiche cliniche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Data di discussione
18 Maggio 2012

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