Heterosis in maize (Zea mays, L.): characterization of heterotic quantitative trait loci (QTL) for agronomic traits in near isogenic lines (NILs) and their testcrosses

Cané, Maria Angela (2011) Heterosis in maize (Zea mays, L.): characterization of heterotic quantitative trait loci (QTL) for agronomic traits in near isogenic lines (NILs) and their testcrosses, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Colture erbacee, genetica agraria, sistemi agroterritoriali, 21 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/3945.
Documenti full-text disponibili:
Documento PDF (English) - Richiede un lettore di PDF come Xpdf o Adobe Acrobat Reader
Download (5MB) | Anteprima


In a previous study on maize (Zea mays, L.) several quantitative trait loci (QTL) showing high dominance-additive ratio for agronomic traits were identified in a population of recombinant inbred lines derived from B73 × H99. For four of these mapped QTL, namely 3.05, 4.10, 7.03 and 10.03 according to their chromosome and bin position, families of near-isogenic lines (NILs) were developed, i.e., couples of homozygous lines nearly identical except for the QTL region that is homozygote either for the allele provided by B73 or by H99. For two of these QTL (3.05 and 4.10) the NILs families were produced in two different genetic backgrounds. The present research was conducted in order to: (i) characterize these QTL by estimating additive and dominance effects; (ii) investigate if these effects can be affected by genetic background, inbreeding level and environmental growing conditions (low vs. high plant density). The six NILs’ families were tested across three years and in three Experiments at different inbreeding levels as NILs per se and their reciprocal crosses (Experiment 1), NILs crossed to related inbreds B73 and H99 (Experiment 2) and NILs crossed to four unrelated inbreds (Experiment 3). Experiment 2 was conducted at two plant densities (4.5 and 9.0 plants m-2). Results of Experiments 1 and 2 confirmed previous findings as to QTL effects, with dominance-additive ratio superior to 1 for several traits, especially for grain yield per plant and its component traits; as a tendency, dominance effects were more pronounced in Experiment 1. The QTL effects were also confirmed in Experiment 3. The interactions involving QTL effects, families and plant density were generally negligible, suggesting a certain stability of the QTL. Results emphasize the importance of dominance effects for these QTL, suggesting that they might deserve further studies, using NILs’ families and their crosses as base materials.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Cané, Maria Angela
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze agrarie
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
heterosis, maize, QTL validation, near-isogenic lines, plant density
Data di discussione
6 Giugno 2011

Altri metadati

Statistica sui download

Gestione del documento: Visualizza la tesi