Influence of genetic variants and post transcriptional factors on imatinib transporters as determinants of the pharmacological response

Turrini, Eleonora (2011) Influence of genetic variants and post transcriptional factors on imatinib transporters as determinants of the pharmacological response, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Biotecnologie, farmacologia e tossicologia: progetto n. 2 "Farmacologia e tossicologia", 23 Ciclo.
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Introduction – Although imatinib (IM) is a recognized gold standard in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) therapy, resistance has emerged in a significant proportion of patients. Aim – The aim of this study was: (1) to investigate the role of genetic variants in genes encoding for IM transporters, as candidate of IM responsiveness and (2) to test the influence of miRNAs on IM response, focusing on efflux transporters. Methods – As a first step, a panel of polymorphisms (SNPs) was genotyped in a subgroup population of 189 patients enrolled in the Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Optimization and Selectivity (TOPS) trial. The association with cytogenetic response and molecular response (MR) was assessed for each SNP. As a second step, an in vitro IM-resistant model (K-562 CML cell line) was established. miRNAs profiles were analyzed using Taqman arrays and in silico search was performed for miRNAs deregulated after IM treatment. mRNA and protein expression were quantified using TaqMan realtime PCR and Western blotting, respectively. Results – (1) Among Caucasian patients, ABCB1 rs60023214 significantly correlated with complete MR (P = 0.005). Concerning SNPs combination in IM uptake transporters, the associations with treatment outcomes were statistically significant for both major and complete MR (P = 0.005 and P = 0.01, respectively). (2) ABCB1 protein was not expressed under any conditions of treatment, differently from ABCG2. Two deregulated miRNAs, namely miR-212 and miR-328, were identified to be inversely correlated with ABCG2 (r2= 0.57; p=0.03 and r2=0.47; p=0.06, respectively). Experiments of loss and gain of function confirmed the functional influence of these miRNAs on ABCG2. Conclusion – The multiple candidate gene approach identified single and combination of SNPs that can be proposed as predictor of IM response. The in vitro study suggested that IM resistance could be mediated by miRNA-dependent mechanism. Further studies are needed to validate these preliminary findings.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Turrini, Eleonora
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze biologiche, biomediche e biotecnologiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
imatinib pharmacogenetics pharmacogenomics SNP miRNA
Data di discussione
6 Aprile 2011

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