Supramolecular approaches to organized luminescent nanostructures for sensing, labeling and imaging applications

Genovese, Damiano (2011) Supramolecular approaches to organized luminescent nanostructures for sensing, labeling and imaging applications, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze chimiche, 23 Ciclo.
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The common thread of this thesis is the will of investigating properties and behavior of assemblies. Groups of objects display peculiar properties, which can be very far from the simple sum of respective components’ properties. This is truer, the smaller is inter-objects distance, i.e. the higher is their density, and the smaller is the container size. “Confinement” is in fact a key concept in many topics explored and here reported. It can be conceived as a spatial limitation, that yet gives origin to unexpected processes and phenomena based on inter-objects communication. Such phenomena eventually result in “non-linear properties”, responsible for the low predictability of large assemblies. Chapter 1 provides two insights on surface chemistry, namely (i) on a supramolecular assembly based on orthogonal forces, and (ii) on selective and sensitive fluorescent sensing in thin polymeric film. In chapters 2 to 4 confinement of molecules plays a major role. Most of the work focuses on FRET within core-shell nanoparticles, investigated both through a simulation model and through experiments. Exciting results of great applicative interest are drawn, such as a method of tuning emission wavelength at constant excitation, and a way of overcoming self-quenching processes by setting up a competitive deactivation channel. We envisage applications of these materials as labels for multiplexing analysis, and in all fields of fluorescence imaging, where brightness coupled with biocompatibility and water solubility is required. Adducts of nanoparticles and molecular photoswitches are investigated in the context of superresolution techniques for fluorescence microscopy. In chapter 5 a method is proposed to prepare a library of functionalized Pluronic F127, which gives access to a twofold “smart” nanomaterial, namely both (i)luminescent and (ii)surface-functionalized SCSSNPs. Focus shifts in chapter 6 to confinement effects in an upper size scale. Moving from nanometers to micrometers, we investigate the interplay between microparticles flowing in microchannels where a constriction affects at very long ranges structure and dynamics of the colloidal paste.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Genovese, Damiano
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze chimiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
nanoparticles fluorescence FRET confinement label sensor imaging photoswitch
Data di discussione
19 Aprile 2011

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