New catalytic processes for the synthesis of adipic acid

Raabová, Katerina (2011) New catalytic processes for the synthesis of adipic acid, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Chimica industriale, 23 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/3683.
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The aim of my Ph.D. research was to study the new synthetic ways for the production of adipic acid. Three different pathways were studied: i) oxidation of cyclohexanone with molecular oxygen using Keggin – heteropolycompounds as the catalyst, ii) Baeyer – Villiger oxidation of cyclohexanone with hydrogen peroxide in the presence of two different heterogeneous catalysts, titanium silicalite and silica grafted decatungstate, iii) two step synthesis of adipic acid starting from cyclohexene via 1,2-cyclohexanediol. The first step was catalyzed by H2WO4 in the presence of the phase transfer catalyst, the oxidant was hydrogen peroxide. The second step, oxidation of 1,2 – cyclohexanediol was performed in the presence of oxygen and the heterogeneous catalyst – ruthenium on alumina. The results of my research showed that: i) Oxidation of cyclohexanone with molecular oxygen using Keggin heteropolycompounds is possible, anyway the conversion of ketone is low and the selectivity to adipic acid is lowered by the consecutive reaction to from lower diacids. Moreover it was found out, that there are two mechanisms involved: redox type and radicalic chain-reaction autoxidation. The presence of the different mechanism is influenced by the reaction condition. ii) It is possible to perform thermally activated oxidation of cyclohexanone and obtain non negligible amount of the products (caprolactone and adipic acid). Performing the catalyzed reaction it was demonstrated that the choice of the reaction condition and of the catalyst plays a crucial role in the product selectivity, explaining the discrepancies between the literature and our research. iii) Interesting results can be obtained performing the two step oxidation of cyclohexene via 1,2-cyclohexanediol. In the presence of phase transfer catalyst it is possible to obtain high selectivity to alcohol with stoichiometric amount of oxidant. In the second step of the synthesis, the conversion of alcohol is rather low with modest selectivity to adipic acid

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Raabová, Katerina
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze chimiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Adipic acid oxidation cyclohexane cyclohexene 1 2 cyclohexanediol Baeyer Villiger oxidation
Data di discussione
29 Marzo 2011

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