Vie di segnalazione staminali nel carcinoma mammario a fenotipo basale: il ruolo di beta-catenina e di HIF-1alpha

D’Uva, Gabriele Matteo (2011) Vie di segnalazione staminali nel carcinoma mammario a fenotipo basale: il ruolo di beta-catenina e di HIF-1alpha, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Biotecnologie, farmacologia e tossicologia: progetto n. 1 "Biotecnologie cellulari e molecolari", 23 Ciclo.
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Basal-like tumor is an aggressive breast carcinoma subtype that displays an expression signature similar to that of the basal/myoepithelial cells of the breast tissue. Basal-like carcinoma are characterized by over-expression of the Epidermal Growth Factor receptor (EGFR), high frequency of p53 mutations, cytoplasmic/nuclear localization of beta-catenin, overexpression of the Hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha target Carbonic Anhydrase isoenzime 9 (CA9) and a gene expression pattern similar to that of normal and cancer stem cells, including the over-expression of the mammary stem cell markers CD44. In this study we investigated the role of p53, EGFR, beta-catenin and HIF-1alpha in the regulation of stem cell features and genes associated with the basal-like gene expression profile. The findings reported in this investigation indicate that p53 inactivation in ductal breast carcinoma cells leads to increased EGFR mRNA and protein levels. In our experimental model, EGFR overexpression induces beta-catenin cytoplasmatic stabilization and transcriptional activity and, by that, leads to increased aggressive features including mammosphere (MS) forming and growth capacity, invasive potential and overexpression of the mammary stem cell gene CD44. Moreover we found that EGFR/beta-catenin axis promotes hypoxia survival in breast carcinoma cells via increased CA9 expression. Indeed beta-catenin positively regulates CA9 expression upon hypoxia exposure. Interestingly we found that beta-catenin inhibits HIF-1alpha transcriptional activity. Looking for the mechanism, we found that CA9 expression is promoted by HIF-1alpha and cytoplasmatic beta-catenin further increased it post-transcriptionally, via direct mRNA binding and stabilization. These data reveal a functional beta-catenin/HIF-1alpha interplay among hallmarks of basal-like tumors and unveil a new functional role for cytoplasmic beta-catenin in the phenotype of such tumors. Therefore it can be proposed that the interplay here described among EGFR/beta-catenin and HIF-1alpha may play a role in breast cancer stem cell survival and function.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
D’Uva, Gabriele Matteo
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze biologiche, biomediche e biotecnologiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
basal-like breast cancer beta-catenin p53 hif-1alpha hypoxia stem cell features
Data di discussione
10 Maggio 2011

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