Cognitive and affective processes in social actions and decisions

Moretto, Giovanna (2010) Cognitive and affective processes in social actions and decisions , [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Neuroscienze cognitive, 22 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/3042.
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The question of how we make, and how we should make judgments and decisions has occupied thinkers for many centuries. This thesis has the aim to add new evidences to clarify the brain’s mechanisms for decisions. The cognitive and the emotional processes of social actions and decisions are investigated with the aim to understand which brain areas are mostly involved. Four experimental studies are presented. A specific kind of population is involved in the first study (as well as in study III) concerning patients with lesion of ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC). This region is collocated in the ventral surface of frontal lobe, and it seems have an important role in social and moral decision in forecasting the negative emotional consequences of choice. In study I, it is examined whether emotions, specifically social emotions subserved by the vmPFC, affect people’s willingness to trust others. In study II is observed how incidental emotions could encourage trusting behaviour, especially when individuals are not aware of emotive stimulation. Study III has the aim to gather a direct psychophysiological evidence, both in healthy and neurologically impaired individuals, that emotions are crucially involved in shaping moral judgment, by preventing moral violations. Study IV explores how the moral meaning of a decision and its subsequent action can modulate the basic component of action such as sense of agency.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Moretto, Giovanna
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze umanistiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Decision, Emotions, Trust, Moral Decision, Responsibility, Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex
Data di discussione
28 Maggio 2010

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