Studio Sperimentale e Modellazione della Separazione di Proteine con Membrane di Affinità

Dimartino, Simone (2009) Studio Sperimentale e Modellazione della Separazione di Proteine con Membrane di Affinità, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Ingegneria chimica dell'ambiente e della sicurezza, 21 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/1815.
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Chromatography represents one of the most important and widely used unit operation in the biotechnology industry. However this technique suffers from several limitations such as high pressure drop, slow mass transfer through the diffusive pores and strong dependence of the binding capacity on flow rate. In this work, affinity membranes with improved capacity have been considered as an alternative technology for the capturing step in antibody manufacturing. Several affinity membranes have been prepared starting from various membrane supports. Different affinity ligands have been utilized like Protein A, the natural ligand of choice for antibodies, as well as synthetic ligands that exhibit affinity for the Fc portion of antibodies. The membranes have been characterized in detail: binding and elution performance was evaluated in adsorption experiments using pure IgG solutions, while membrane selectivity was evaluated using complex solutions like a cell culture supernatant. The most promising affinity membranes were extensively tested in dynamic experiments. The effects of operating parameters like feed concentration and flow rate on separation performances like binding capacity, selectivity and process yield have been studied in detail in order to find the optimal conditions for binding and elution steps. The membranes have been used over several complete chromatographic cycles to evaluate the effects of ageing and of membrane regeneration on dynamic binding capacity. A novel mathematical model is proposed that can describe all the chromatographic steps involved in the membrane affinity chromatography process for protein purification. The mathematical description is based on the species continuity equation coupled with a proper binding kinetic equation, and suitable to describe adequately the dispersion phenomena occurring both in the micro-porous membranes as well as in the extra-column devices used in the system. The model considers specifically all the different chromatographic steps, namely adsorption, washing and elution. The few relevant fitting parameters of the model were derived from a calibration with the experimental affinity cycles performed with pure IgG solutions, then the model is used to describe experimental data obtained in chromatographic cycles carried out with complex feeds as the cell culture supernatant. Simulations reveal a good agreement with experimental data in all the chromatography steps, both in the case of pure IgG solutions and for the cell culture supernatant considered.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Dimartino, Simone
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Ingegneria industriale
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Data di discussione
17 Aprile 2009

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