Chemiluminescence – based bioanalytical devices for astrobiological, food safety and clinical applications

Trozzi, Ilaria (2024) Chemiluminescence – based bioanalytical devices for astrobiological, food safety and clinical applications, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Chimica, 36 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/11178.
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At the intersection of biology, chemistry, and engineering, biosensors are a multidisciplinary innovation that provide a cost-effective alternative to traditional laboratory techniques. Due to their advantages, biosensors are used in medical diagnostics, environmental monitoring, food safety and many other fields. The first part of the thesis is concerned with learning the state of the art of paper-based immunosensors with bioluminescent (BL) and chemiluminescent (CL) detection. The use of biospecific assays combined with CL detection and paper-based technology offers an optimal approach to creating analytical tools for on-site applications and we have focused on the specific areas that need to be considered more in order to ensure a future practical implementation of these methods in routine analyses. The subsequent part of the thesis addresses the development of an autonomous lab-on-chip platform for performing chemiluminescent-based bioassays in space environment, exploiting a CubeSat platform for astrobiological investigations. An origami-inspired microfluidic paper-based analytical device has been developed with the purpose of assesses its performance in space and to evaluate its functionality and the resilience of the (bio)molecules when exposed to a radiation-rich environment. Subsequently, we designed a paper-based assay to detect traces of ovalbumin in food samples, creating a user-friendly immunosensing platform. To this purpose, we developed an origami device that exploits a competitive immunoassay coupled with chemiluminescence detection and magnetic microbeads used to immobilize ovalbumin on paper. Finally, with the aim of exploring the use of biomimetic materials, an hydrogel-based chemiluminescence biosensor for the detection of H2O2 and glucose was developed. A guanosine hydrogel was prepared and loaded with luminol and hemin, miming a DNAzyme activity. Subsequently, the hydrogel was modified by incorporating glucose oxidase enzyme to enable glucose biosensing. The emitted photons were detected using a portable device equipped with a smartphone's CMOS (complementary metal oxide semiconductor) camera for CL emission detection.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Trozzi, Ilaria
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Biosensor; Immunosensor; Bioassay; Chemiluminescence; Point-of-care; CubeSat; Lab-on-chip technology; Paper-based analytical devices; Immunoassay; Magnetic beads; Ovalbumin; Origami; Hydrogel; Guanosine; Enzyme mimic; Hydrogen peroxide; Glucose; Supramolecular chemistry.
Data di discussione
20 Marzo 2024

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