Radiation characteristics enhancement of planar structures using metasurfaces

Agarwal, Shobit (2023) Radiation characteristics enhancement of planar structures using metasurfaces, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Ingegneria elettronica, telecomunicazioni e tecnologie dell'informazione, 35 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/11075.
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In this thesis, the focus is on utilizing metasurfaces to improve radiation characteristics of planar structures. The study encompasses various aspects of metasurface applications, including enhancing antenna radiation characteristics and manipulating electromagnetic (EM) waves, such as polarization conversion and anomalous reflection. The thesis introduces the design of a single-port antenna with dual-mode operation, integrating metasurfaces. This antenna serves as the front-end for a next-generation tag, functioning as a position sensor with identification and energy harvesting capabilities. It operates in the lower European Ultra-Wideband (UWB) frequency range for communication/localization and the UHF band for wireless energy reception. The design aims for a low-profile stack-up that remains unaffected by background materials. Researchers worldwide are drawn to metasurfaces due to their EM wave manipulation capabilities. The thesis also demonstrates how a High-Impedance Surface (HIS) can enhance the antenna's versatility through metasurface application, including conformal design using 3D-printing technology, ensuring adaptability for various deformation and tracking/powering scenarios. Additionally, the thesis explores two distinct metasurface applications. One involves designing an angularly stable super-wideband Circular Polarization Converter (CPC) operating from 11 to 35GHz with an impressive relative impedance bandwidth of 104.3%. The CPC shows a stable response even at oblique incidences up to 40 degrees, with a Peak Cross-Polarization Ratio (PCR) exceeding 62% across the entire band. The second application focuses on an Intelligent Reflective Surface (IRS) capable of redirecting incoming waves in unconventional directions. Tunability is achieved through an artificially developed ferroelectric material (HfZrO) and distributed capacitive elements (IDC) to fine-tune impedance and phase responses at the meta-atom level. The IRS demonstrates anomalous reflection for normal incident waves. These innovative applications of metasurfaces offer promising advancements in antenna design, EM wave manipulation, and versatile wireless communication systems.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Agarwal, Shobit
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Hybrid Antenna, Metasurfaces, Cross-polarization, Angular Stability, Intelligent Reflective Surfaces, Anomalous Reflection
Data di discussione
18 Ottobre 2023

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