Red flesh fruit in european pear (Pyrus communis): genetic sources, QTLs, candidate genes and tools for breeding

Bergonzoni, Lorenzo (2023) Red flesh fruit in european pear (Pyrus communis): genetic sources, QTLs, candidate genes and tools for breeding, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze e tecnologie agrarie, ambientali e alimentari, 35 Ciclo.
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Red flesh fruit is a character which interest is increasing in several commercial species. Following a review of the research on the biosynthesis and accumulation of anthocyanin in pears (Chapter 1) the general aim of the project is reported in Chapter 2. Chapter 3 reports the results of a molecular analysis of 33 red-fleshed pear accessions, genotyped with 18 SSR markers with the aim of improving germplasm conservation strategies to support ongoing breeding programs. The molecular profiles revealed both cases of synonymy and homonymy and 6 unique genotypes were identified. The S-allele were established to highlight the genetic relationships among these landraces. Four of the unique genotypes have been clustered based on pomological data. In the Chapter 4, the work was directed to identify the putative genomic regions involved in the appearance of this character in pear fruit. A crossing population (‘Carmen’ x ‘Cocomerina Precoce’) segregating for the trait was phenotyped for 2 consecutive years and used for QTL analysis. A strong QTL was identified in a small genomic region related to the red flesh fruit trait at 27 Mb from the start of LG5. Two candidate genes were detected in this genomic region: ‘PcMYB114’ and ‘PcABCC2’. SSR marker SSR114 was found able to detect the red flesh phenotype segregation in all the red-fleshed pear accessions and segregating progenies tested. Chapter 5 focuses on examining the trend of anthocyanin synthesis and accumulation during the fruit development, from fruit set to ripening time. Three different trials were planned: qPCR and HPLC methods were performed to correlate the genes expression with the anthocyanin accumulation in ‘Cocomerina Precoce’ and six progenies. Total transcriptome sequencing was used to compare the differential genes expression between red and white-fleshed fruit. Chapter 6 reviews and analyses all the earlier study findings while providing new potential future perspectives.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Bergonzoni, Lorenzo
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Anthocyanin, MYB, bHLH, Germplasm, Cocomerina, WRKY, Progeny
Data di discussione
30 Giugno 2023

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