Trajectory planning of single and dual-arm robots for time-optimal handling of liquids and objects

Di Leva, Roberto (2023) Trajectory planning of single and dual-arm robots for time-optimal handling of liquids and objects, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Automotive per una mobilità intelligente, 35 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/11043.
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This Thesis studies the optimal control problem of single-arm and dual-arm serial robots to achieve the time-optimal handling of liquids and objects. The first topic deals with the planning of time-optimal anti-sloshing trajectories of an industrial robot carrying a cylindrical container filled with a liquid, considering 1-dimensional and 2-dimensional planar motions. A technique for the estimation of the sloshing height is presented, together with its extension to 3-dimensional motions. An experimental validation campaign is provided and discussed to assess the thoroughness of such a technique. As far as anti-sloshing trajectories are concerned, 2-dimensional paths are considered and, for each one of them, three constrained optimizations with different values of the sloshing-height thresholds are solved. Experimental results are presented to compare optimized and non-optimized motions. The second part focuses on the time-optimal trajectory planning for dual-arm object handling, employing two collaborative robots (cobots) and adopting an admittance-control strategy. The chosen manipulation approach, known as cooperative grasping, is based on unilateral contact between the cobots and the object, and it may lead to slipping during motion if an internal prestress along the contact-normal direction is not prescribed. Thus, a virtual penetration is considered, aimed at generating the necessary internal prestress. The stability of cooperative grasping is ensured as long as the exerted forces on the object remain inside the static-friction cone. Constrained-optimization problems are solved for 3-dimensional paths: the virtual penetration is chosen among the control inputs of the problem and friction-cone conditions are treated as inequality constraints. Also in this case experiments are presented in order to prove evidence of the firm handling of the object, even for fast motions.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Di Leva, Roberto
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Liquid Sloshing Dynamics, Prediction Model, Model Validation, Experiments, Anti-Sloshing Trajectory Planning, Dual-Arm Manipulation, Cooperative Grasping,Time-Optimal Trajectory Planning, Admittance Control, Collaborative Robotics
Data di discussione
26 Giugno 2023

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