Nutritional strategies to modulate metabolism and heat stress resilience in dairy cattle

Sainz de la Maza Escola, Victor (2023) Nutritional strategies to modulate metabolism and heat stress resilience in dairy cattle, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze veterinarie, 35 Ciclo.
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Physiological and environmental stressors can disrupt barrier integrity at epithelial interfaces (e.g., uterine, mammary, intestinal, and lung), which are constantly exposed to pathogens that can lead to the activation of the immune system. Unresolved inflammation can result in the emergence of metabolic and infectious diseases. Maintaining cow health and performance during periods of immune activation such as in the peripartum or under heat stress represents a significant obstacle to the dairy industry. Feeding microencapsulated organic acids and pure botanicals (OAPB) has shown to improve intestinal health in monogastric species and prevent systemic inflammation via the gut-liver axis. Feeding unsaturated fatty acids (FA) such as oleic acid (OA) and very-long-chain omega-3 (VLC n-3) FA are of interest in dairy cow nutrition because of their potential to improve health, fertility, and milk production. In the first study, we evaluated the effects of heat stress (HS) conditions and dietary OAPB supplementation on gut permeability and milk production. In parallel with an improved milk performance and N metabolism, cows supplemented with OAPB also had an enhanced hepatic methyl donor status and greater inflammatory and oxidative stress status compared to the HS control group. In a second study, we evaluated the relative bioavailability of VLC n-3 in cows fed a bolus of rumen-protected (RP) fish oil (FO). In a third study, we proved the interaction between RPFO and RP choline to promote the synthesis of phosphatydilcholines. Lipid forms that support hepatic triglyceride export and can prevent steatosis in dairy cows. The last study, demonstrated that algae oil outperforms against a toxin challenge compared to FO and that feeding RPOA modulates energy partitioning relative to n-3 FA-containing oils. Overall, this thesis confirms the need and the effectiveness of different strategies that aimed to improve dairy cows’ health and performance under heat stress, inflammation or metabolic disease.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Sainz de la Maza Escola, Victor
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
heat stress, one-carbon metabolism, dairy cattle
Data di discussione
20 Giugno 2023

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