Kinetic and mechanistic studies on peroxidation and stabilization of lipids with industrial and biological relevance

Mollica, Fabio (2023) Kinetic and mechanistic studies on peroxidation and stabilization of lipids with industrial and biological relevance, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Chimica, 35 Ciclo.
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Lipid peroxidation is a complex mechanism that causes the degradation of lipid material of both industrial and biological significance. During processing, it is known that thermal stress produces oxidation and polymerization of oils. Additionally, biological lipids with both structural and bioactive roles are prone to peroxidation, which can have pathogenic effects including cancer and long-term degenerative disorders. To create innovative strategies to slow down the deterioration of lipids, it is crucial to improve our understanding of oxidation reactions and kinetics. To this purpose, Chapter II of this thesis focuses on the kinetic study of the oxidation reactions that take place during the thermal processing of bio-oils for industrial application. Through a new method it was possible to evaluate the kinetic parameters of oxidation of various lipid materials. This allowed us to distinguish between the different lipid materials based on their intrinsic properties. The effect of 18 antioxidants from the major families of natural and synthetic phenols were studied using the same methodology in order to acquire crucial data for enhancing the antioxidant activity of phenols based on structure-activity at high temperatures. Finally, it has been described how the antioxidant activity of α-tocopherol, revealed to be scarce in our conditions, can be improved in the presence of gamma-terpinene, through a synergistic action. Chapter III describes the synthesis and study of the antioxidant activity of polydopamine nanoparticles, in order to clarify the unclear mechanism of action of this material. Finally, in Chapter IV it was reported how the gamma-terpinene strongly inhibits the peroxidation of unsaturated lipids in heterogeneous model systems (micelles and liposomes) by forming hydroperoxyl radicals which diffuse outside the lipid nucleus, blocking the propagation of the chain radical. Furthermore, gamma-terpinene shows a very potent protective activity against ferroptosis being effective in the nanomolar range in the human neuroblastoma cell model.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Mollica, Fabio
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Lipid peroxidation, antioxidant, autoxidation, Peroxyl radicals, Hydroperoxyl radicals, high-temperature, bio-oils, phenols, polydopamine, Ferroptosis, tepinene.
Data di discussione
21 Giugno 2023

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