Novel functionalized calcium phosphates: structures, morphologies and potential applications.

Silingardi, Francesca (2023) Novel functionalized calcium phosphates: structures, morphologies and potential applications., [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Chimica, 35 Ciclo.
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The stable increase in average life expectancy and the consecutive increase in the number of cases of bone related diseases has led to a growing interest in the development of materials that can promote bone repair and/or replacement. Among the best candidates are those materials that have a high similarity to bones, in terms of composition, structure, morphology and functionality. Biomineralized tissue, and thus also bones, have three main components: water, an organic matrix and an inorganic deposit. In vertebrates, the inorganic deposit consists of what is called biological apatite, which slightly differ from stoichiometric hydroxyapatite (HA) both in crystallographic terms and in the presence of foreign atoms and species. This justifies the great attention towards calcium phosphates, which show excellent biocompatibility and bioactivity. The performances of the material and the response of the biological tissue can be further improved through their functionalization with ions, biologically active molecules and nanostructures. This thesis focuses on several possible functionalizations of calcium phosphates, and their effects on chemical properties and biological performances. In particular, the functionalizing agents include several biologically relevant ions, such as Cobalt (Co), Manganese (Mn), Strontium (Sr) and Zinc (Zn); two organic molecules, a flavonoid (Quercetin) and a polyphenol (Curcumin); and nanoparticles, namely tungsten oxide (WO3) NPs. Functionalization was carried out on various calcium phosphates: dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DCPD), dicalcium phosphate anhydrous (DCPA) and hydroxyapatite (HA). Two different strategies of functionalization were applied: direct synthesis and adsorption from solution. Finally, a chapter is devoted to a preliminary study on the development of cements based on some of the functionalized phosphates obtained.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Silingardi, Francesca
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
calcium phosphates, ionic substitution, quercetin, curcumin, WO3 nanoparticles
Data di discussione
15 Giugno 2023

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