Empirical ontology design patterns

Carriero, Valentina Anita (2023) Empirical ontology design patterns, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Computer science and engineering, 35 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/10903.
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Knowledge graphs (KGs) and ontologies have been widely adopted for modelling numerous domains. However, understanding the content of an ontology/KG is far from straightforward: existing methods partially address this issue. This thesis is based on the assumption that identifying the Ontology Design Patterns (ODPs) in an ontology or a KG contributes to address this problem. Most times, the reused ODPs are not explicitly annotated, or their reuse is unintentional. Therefore, there is a challenge to automatically identify ODPs in existing ontologies and KGs, which is the main focus of this research work. This thesis analyses the role of ODPs in ontology engineering, through experiences in actual ontology projects, placing this analysis in the context of existing ontology reuse approaches. Moreover, this thesis introduces a novel method for extracting empirical ODPs (EODPs) from ontologies, and a novel method for extracting EODPs from knowledge graphs, whose schemas are implicit. The first method groups the extracted EODPs in clusters: conceptual components. Each conceptual component represents a modelling problem, e.g. representing collections. As EODPs are fragments possibly extracted from different ontologies, some of them will fall in the same cluster, meaning that they are implemented solutions to the same modelling problem. EODPs and conceptual components enable the empirical observation and comparison of modelling solutions to common modelling problems in different ontologies. The second method extracts EODPs from a KG as sets of probabilistic axioms/constraints involving the ontological entities instantiated. These EODPs may support KG inspection and comparison, providing insights on how certain entities are described in a KG. An additional contribution of this thesis is an ontology for annotating ODPs in ontologies and KGs.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Carriero, Valentina Anita
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Semantic Web, Linked Data, Ontology, Ontology Design Pattern, Empirical Semantics
Data di discussione
5 Luglio 2023

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